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Education  |   January 2019
Repair of a Giant Ascending Aortic Pseudoaneurysm Requiring Awake Institution of Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Author Notes
  • From Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida (S.A.D.); and University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida (O.A., T.S., Y.F.R.-B.).
  • Supplemental Digital Content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are available in both the HTML and PDF versions of this article. Links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s Web site (www.anesthesiology.org).
    Supplemental Digital Content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are available in both the HTML and PDF versions of this article. Links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s Web site (www.anesthesiology.org).×
  • Address correspondence to Dr. Dunn: sarah.dunn@jhsmiami.org
Article Information
Education / Images in Anesthesiology / Airway Management / Respiratory System / Technology / Equipment / Monitoring
Education   |   January 2019
Repair of a Giant Ascending Aortic Pseudoaneurysm Requiring Awake Institution of Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Anesthesiology 1 2019, Vol.130, 152. doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000002433
Anesthesiology 1 2019, Vol.130, 152. doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000002433
Ascending aortic pseudoaneurysms represent a unique and infrequent complication after type A dissection repair.1  Massive aortic pseu doaneurysms can pre sent as a large suprasternal pulsating mass with tracheal deviation as shown (left and right panels). Contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (right panel) demonstrates a 10 × 6.2 × 13.4–cm pseudoaneurysm caused by mycotic infection of the aortic graft at the area of anastomosis from a type A dissection repair 3 yr before. Perioperative anesthetic considerations include extrinsic compression of surrounding structures, including the trachea and major vasculature.2  Airway management of tracheal deviation caused by a pseudoaneurysm may include awake fiberoptic intubation, maintaining spontaneous respiration with an inhalational or intravenous induction, or initiating cardiopulmonary bypass before intubation.2,3  Tracheal compression from pseudoaneurysms may be managed as above or by either orotracheal intubation distal to the obstruction or high-frequency jet ventilation across the stenosis, but the latter approach risks a fatal hemorrhage because compression of the trachea is caused by the pseudoaneurysm, which can rupture.3  The pseudoaneurysm deviated the trachea and com pressed both mainstem bronchi, as well as the right pulmonary artery (Supplemental Digital Content, http://links.lww.com/ALN/B783). Because of the risk of aneurysm rupture and inability to secure the airway, femoral–femoral cardiopulmonary bypass was instituted while the patient was awake, and then anesthesia was induced and the airway secured.
Competing Interests
The authors declare no competing interests.
References
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Nishiwaki, K, Komatsu, T, Shimada, Y, Takeuchi, E, Abe, T Severe tracheal compression caused by false aneurysm arising from the ascending aorta: Successful airway management using induced hypotension and bronchoscopy. Anesthesiology 1990; 73:1047–9 [Article] [PubMed]