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Editorial Board

Editor-In-Chief

Evan D. Kharasch, M.D., Ph.D.
Editor-in-Chief, Anesthesiology 
Department of Anesthesiology 
Duke University
Durham, NC
Tel:1-800-260-5631
E-mail: editorial-office@anesthesiology.org

Assistant Editor-In-Chief

Michael J. Avram, Ph.D.
Assistant Editor-in-Chief, Anesthesiology 
Northwestern University
Chicago, IL
Tel:1-800-260-5631
E-mail: editorial-office@anesthesiology.org

Executive Editors

Deborah J. Culley, M.D.
Boston, MA

Brian P. Kavanagh, M.B., F..R.C.P.C.
Toronto, Canada

Jerrold H. Levy, M.D., F.A.H.A., F.C.C.M.
Durham, NC

James P. Rathmell, M.D.
Boston, MA

Editors

J. David Clark, M.D., Ph.D.
Palo Alto, CA

Andrew Davidson, M.B.B.S., M.D., F.A.N.Z.C.A
Victoria, Australia

Amanda A. Fox, M.D., M.P.H.
Dallas, TX

Yandong Jiang, M.D., Ph.D.
Nashville, TN

Sachin Kheterpal, M.D., M.B.A.
Ann Arbor, Michigan

George A. Mashour, M.D., Ph.D.
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Daniel I. Sessler, M.D.
Cleveland, OH

Laszlo Vutskits, M.D.
Geneva, Switzerland

Statistical Editor

Timothy T. Houle, Ph.D.
Boston, MA

Editorial Office

Managing Editor
Vicki Tedeschi
Email: managing-editor@anesthesiology.org

Allison Akeley

Wendy Krank

Karen Parks

Anesthesiology Journal
ASA Headquarters
1061 American Lane
Schaumburg, IL 60173
Tel: 1-800-260-5631; Fax (847) 720-9669
E-mail: editorial-office@anesthesiology.org

Past Editors-In-Chief

Henry S. Ruth, M.D.
1940-1955

Ralph M. Tovell, M.D.
1956-1958

James E. Eckenhoff, M.D.
1959-1962

Leroy D. Vandam, M.D.
1963-1970

Arthur S. Keats, M.D.
1971-1973

Nicholas M. Greene, M.D.
1974-1976

C. Philip Larson. Jr., M.D.
1977-1979

John D. Michenfelder, M.D.
1980-1985

Lawrence J. Saidman, M.D.
1986-1996

Michael M. Todd, M.D.
1997-2006

James C. Eisenach, M.D.
2006-2016

LWW Publication Staff

Publisher
Miranda Walker

Journal Production Editor
Sara Cleary

Journal Production Associate
Colette Lind

National Sales Manager
Ryan Magee

Classified Advertising Representative
Joe Anzuena

Translation, Rights & Licensing
Andrew Wible
translationrights@wolterskluwer.com

Associate Editors

Takashi Asai, M.D., Ph.D.
Osaka, Japan

Brian Thomas Bateman, M.D., M.Sc.
Boston, MA

George S. Bause, M.D., M.P.H.
Cleveland, OH

Beatrice Beck-Schimmer, M.D.
Zurich, Switzerland

Chad Michael Brummett, M.D.
Ann Arbor, MI

John Butterworth, M.D.
Richmond, VA

Vincent W.S. Chan, M.D., F.R.C.P.C., F.R.C.A.
Toronto, Canada

Steven P. Cohen, M.D.
Baltimore, MD

Albert Dahan, M.D., Ph.D.
Leiden, The Netherlands

Holger K. Eltzschig, M.D., Ph.D.
Houston, TX

Jorge A. Galvez, M.D.
Philadelphia, PA

Laurent Glance, M.D.
Rochester, NY

Stephen T. Harvey, M.D.
Nashville, TN

Harriet W. Hopf, M.D.
Salt Lake City, UT

Vesna Jevtovic-Todorovic, M.D.
Charlottesville, VA

Ru-Rong Ji, Ph.D.
Durham, NC

Cor J. Kalkman, M.D.
Utrect, The Netherlands

Kate Leslie, M.B.B.S., M.D., M.Epi., F.A.N.Z.C.A.
Parkville, Australia

Martin J. London, M.D.
San Francisco, CA

Jochen D. Muehlschlegel, M.D.
Boston, MA

Paul S. Myles, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., M.D., F.F.A.R.C.S.I., F.A.N.Z.C.A.
Melbourne, Australia

Peter Nagele, M.D., M.Sc.
St. Louis, MO

Mark D. Neuman, M.D., M.Sc.
Philadelphia, PA

Craig M. Palmer, M.D.
Tucson, AZ

Cyril Rivat, Ph.D.
Montpelier, France

Warren S. Sandberg, M.D., Ph.D.
Nashville, TN

Alan Jay Schwartz, M.D., M.S.Ed.
Philadelphia, PA

Allan F. Simpao, M.D., M.B.I.
Philadelphia, PA

Nikolaos J. Skubas, M.D.
Cleveland, OH

Jamie W. Sleigh, M.D.
Hamilton, New Zealand

Bobbie Jean Sweitzer, M.D., F.A.C.P.
Chicago, IL

Marcos F. Vidal Melo, M.D., Ph.D.
Boston, MA

David S. Warner, M.D.
Durham, NC

Hannah Wunsch, M.D., M.Sc.
Toronto, Canada

ASA Officers

President
Linda J. Mason, M.D., F.A.S.A.

President-Elect
Mary Dale Peterson, M.D., F.A.S.A.

Immediate Past President
James D. Grant, M.D., M.B.A., F.A.S.A.

First Vice-President
Beverly K. Philip, M.D.

Vice-President for Scientific Affairs
Andrew D. Rosenberg, M.D., F.A.S.A.

CME Editors

Leslie C. Jameson, M.D.

Dan J. Kopacz, M.D.

Cover Art

James P. Rathmell, M.D.
Boston, MA

Annemarie B. Johnson, C.M.I.
Medical Illustrator
Winston-Salem, NC

Sara M. Jarret, M.F.A., C.M.I.
Medical Illustrator
North Wales, PA

Editors

Evan D. Kharasch, M.D., Ph.D.
Editor-in-Chief 

Russell D. and Mary B. Shelden Professor of Anesthesiology and Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics at Washington University in St. Louis, Adjunct Professor of Pharmaceutical Sciences at St. Louis College of Pharmacy, and the Founding Director of the St. Louis Center for Clinical Pharmacology

Dr. Kharasch’s research interests include basic, translational and clinical pharmacology of analgesics, anesthetics, and addiction therapies, focusing on drug metabolism, transport, pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenetics, drug interactions, variability in patient response, and clinical outcomes. Additional research focuses on biomarker development for cancer detection and differential diagnosis, and applications of nanotechnology for development of novel molecular diagnostics. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Kharasch is a consultant to TEN Healthcare, gave a lecture at Astra-Zeneca, and attended a meeting at The Medicines Company.

Michael J. Avram, Ph.D.
Assistant Editor-in-Chief

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois

Dr. Avram's research interests include pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a variety of drugs, including intravenous anesthetics, muscle relaxants, and analgesics.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Avram is a consultant has been a consultant for Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Deborah J. Culley, M.D.
Executive Editor

Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative And Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

Dr. Culley’s research interests focus on the effects of surgery and anesthesia on the aged brain. The majority of efforts in our laboratory aim to identify mechanisms, and risk factors for the development of short-term (delirium) and long-term (postoperative cognitive dysfunction) cognitive alterations following routine surgery and anesthesia in aged rodents. Recently the research team has been expanded to include clinical studies on patient factors that may contribute to the development of postoperative cognitive alterations in elders.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Culley receives an Honorarium as a Director of the American Board of Anesthesiology where she currently serves as secretary, is an ex-officio member of the Anesthesiology RRC at ACGME, Chair of the 3C committee at ABMS, and is currently funded by the NIA/NIH.

Jerrold H. Levy, M.D., F.A.H.A., F.C.C.M.
Executive Editor

Dr. Levy completed his residency in Anesthesiology at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, where he was Chief Resident, and a fellow in cardiac anesthesiology and respiratory intensive care. He previously was Professor of Anesthesiology and Deputy Chairman for Research in the Department of Anesthesiology at Emory University School of Medicine, in the Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology Division and in the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit. Currently he is Professor of Anesthesiology and Associate Professor of Surgery at Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, and is the CoDirector of the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit.

Dr. Levy’s research interests include hemostasis, acute inflammation and anaphylactic reactions, cardiovascular pharmacology, and vascular physiology. His clinical interests are cardiothoracic anesthesiology and critical care medicine. He has been active in developing therapeutic approaches to perioperative hemostatic management, anticoagulation and reversal, and transfusion alternatives. Some of his current research efforts are the application of biotechnology in clinical medicine, developing purified and recombinant novel agents that can be administered to modulate inflammation, hemostasis, and treating or preventing bleeding.

Conflicts of Interest: Within the past year Dr. Levy has served or serves on research steering committees, data safety monitoring boards, or advisory boards for Boehringer-Ingelheim, CSL Behring, Instrumentation Laboratories, Octapharma, Leading Biosciences, and Merck.

James P. Rathmell, M.D.
Executive Editor

Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital 

Dr. Rathmell's research interests include imaging in regional anesthesia and pain medicine, outcomes following intervention for the treatment of chronic pain, and pain management during pregnancy and lactation.


Amanda A. Fox, M.D., M.P.H.
Editor

The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Dallas, TX

Dr. Fox's research centers on identifying genetic variants and early biomarkers associated with short and longer-term adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery. Dr. Fox's present research focuses on early detection and prediction of acute kidney injury in interventional and surgical cardiac patients.

Conflicts of Interest: None.

Yandong Jiang, M.D., Ph.D.
Editor

Dr. Yandong Jiang is a Professor of the Department of Anesthesiology at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. Dr. Jiang received his Ph.D. in Medical biochemistry from the Ohio State University, and his M.D. from Qingdao Medical College, China. He served his internship at the Metro West Medical Center, Framingham, MA and was a resident in the Department of Perioperative and Pain Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston. Dr. Jiang joined the Harvard faculty in 2002 where he served as an Assistant Professor and then Associate Professor until his new employment as Professor at Vanderbilt University, April 2015. At Vanderbilt, Dr. Jiang divides his time between clinical practice and research. He has clinical and research interests in pulmonary physiology Dr. Jiang’s specific research interests include: airway management, pulmonary physiology, mechanical ventilation and outcome study.

Sachin Kheterpal, M.D., M.B.A. 
Editor

Dr. Kheterpal is an associate professor of anesthesiology and associate dean for research information technology at the University of Michigan Medical School. He received his bachelor’s, medical degree and master’s in business administration from the University of Michigan. He spent his early postgraduate career as a software entrepreneur and led product development integration during his company’s acquisition by General Electronic Medical Systems.  Since then, his academic career has been focused on the novel use of IT and electronic health records for patient care, quality improvement and research. He is recognized as a national leader in perioperative large dataset clinical research and has published numerous articles, editorials and book chapters regarding intraoperative management and long-term postoperative outcomes. Using innovative techniques to integrate administrative, EHR and registry data across institutions, he leads the Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes Group, a research and quality improvement consortium of more than 40 anesthesiology and surgical departments.”

Conflicts of Interest: None

George A. Mashour, M.D., Ph.D.
Editor

Associate Dean for Clinical & Translational Research; Director, Michigan Institute for Clinical & Health Research; Director, Center for Consciousness Science; Bert N. La Du Professor & Associate Chair of Anesthesiology Research, Faculty; Neuroscience Graduate Program; University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Dr. Mashour is an anesthesiologist and neuroscientist whose primary scholarly interest relates to consciousness and anesthesia. Dr. Mashour’s clinical research focuses on neurologic and psychiatric outcomes of surgery. His laboratory investigates mechanisms of unconsciousness during sleep and anesthesia. His theoretical research group explores network science approaches to understanding consciousness and anesthetic-induced unconsciousness. In addition to numerous peer-reviewed publications, Dr. Mashour has edited four textbooks related to anesthesiology and the neurosciences.

Funding: Funding: National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Disclosures: Patent pending (through the University of Michigan) on measures of connectivity for brain monitoring (Application No.: 13/804,706, Filed March 14, 2013, “System and Method to Assess Causal Signaling in the Brain during States of Consciousness”); co-inventor, AlertWatch.

Daniel I. Sessler, M.D.
Editor

Dr. Sessler attended medical school at Columbia University, and subsequently completed pediatric and anesthesia residencies at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is currently the Michael Cudahy Professor and Chair of the Department of Outcomes Research at the Cleveland Clinic and Director of the Outcomes Research Consortium. Dr. Sessler has published a book on therapeutic hypothermia and more than 600 full research papers including a dozen in the New England Journal of Medicine and Lancet. His papers have been cited more than 23,000 times. He has been a principal or coinvestigator on grants exceeding $35 million, with more than half from NIH and other peer-reviewed sources. Dr. Sessler has given invited lectures at more than 340 institutions. Among his awards is a Fulbright Fellowship and the 2002 American Society of Anesthesiologists Excellence in Research prize.

Conflicts of interest: Advisory Boards (3M, 37 Company), consultant (B. Braun, Edwards, Medtronic, Pacira), stock options (E-Motion, Medasense, Calorint, VitaHEAT)  Board of Directors (FAER), Funded Research (Dept of Defense, NIH, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Fresenius, Merck, Advanced Cooling, 3M, La Jolla, Sotera Wireless). All temperature-related fees are donated to charity.

Laszlo Vutskits, M.D.
Editor

Dr. Vutskits received his medical degree from the Semmelweis University of Medicine in Budapest Hungary. He then completed a PhD in the field of developmental neurobiology at the University of Geneva Medical School followed by an anesthesiology residency at the Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Intensive Care at the University Hospitals of Geneva. After his residency training, he turned toward a specialization in pediatric anesthesia. Parallel to his clinical training, he continued his basic science and translational research activity and is the principal investigator of a research group at the interface of the Departments of Anesthesiology and Fundamental Neurosciences at the University of Geneva Medical School. 

Dr. Vutskits currently serves as the Head of Pediatric Anesthesia at the Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Intensive Care at the University Hospital of Geneva. In parallel, his basic science and translational research activity is aimed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying anesthesia-induced modulation of neural plasticity in the developing brain. He also acts as the Scientific Chair of European Society for Paediatric Anaesthesiology and as co-chair of the EuroSTAR Working Group of the European Society of Anaesthesiology.

Timothy T. Houle, Ph.D.
Statistical Editor

Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

Dr. Houle's clinical and research interests are migraine headache, behavioral medicine, chronic pain, time-series analytical approaches, and experimental design.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Houle is currently a statistical consultant for Depomed, Inc.

Takashi Asai, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Editor

Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan

Dr. Asai’s research interest includes airway management, gastrointestinal motility, epidural anaesthesia, statistical analysis, and medical ethics.

Conflict of interest: Dr. Asai has received honoraria for giving lectures from the manufacturers and distributors of the laryngeal mask airway, the i-gel, and the Pentax-AWS.

Brian Thomas Bateman, M.D., M.Sc.
Associate Editor

Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School and faculty member, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and in the Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Dr. Bateman's research interests focus on the epidemiology of pregnancy complications, medication safety in pregnancy, and patterns of medication use and drug safety in the perioperative period.

Funding: National Institutes of Health, Icelandic Centre for Research, SOAP/Gertie Marx Trust. Research grants: Pfizer, Baxalta, and Lilly.  Consulting fees: Obstetric hemorrhage quality improvement project, Association of Women's Health, Obstetric & Neonatal Nurses, and Optum.

George S. Bause, M.D., M.P.H.
Associate Editor

Dr. Bause earned his M.P.H. (Epidemiology) and M.D. from Johns Hopkins University. Following his rotating internship and residency in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine at Johns Hopkins, he drafted America’s first fellowship in geriatric anesthesiology (NIH-Hopkins). After teaching at Yale (1985-92) as an associate professor, Dr. Bause served in Cleveland as both Whitacre Director of Anesthesiology Education at Meridia Huron Hospital and clinical associate professor in the Schools of Medicine and Dental Medicine at Case Western Reserve University.

Since starting anesthesia departmental museums at Johns Hopkins and at Yale, Dr. Bause has served as the honorary curator (1987-current) of the ASA’s Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology (WLM). He has shipped or hand-carried rare books or anesthesia antiques back to the WLM from all seven continents. Dr. Bause has also served as both a guest editor of Anesthesia & Analgesia and as founding deputy editor of the Journal of Anesthesia History. After examining an international pool of candidates, the WLM Laureate Committee has designated Dr. Bause as the Wood Library-Museum Laureate of the History of Anesthesia (2016-2020).

Beatrice Beck-Schimmer, M.D.
Associate Editor

Professor of Anesthesiology, Institute of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, and Institute of Physiology and Zurich Center of Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Visiting Clinical Professor at the Department of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago.

Dr. Beck-Schimmer’s research interests include inflammation and immunopathology and the translation to cardiothoracic and liver anesthesia including transplantation. A main focus is organ protection by local and general anesthetics in acute organ injury particularly in lung and liver tissue, which is explored in basic and clinical research. Another focus area is nanomedicine, the effects of nanoparticles on different cell types and tissues, and potential future therapeutic applications.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Beck-Schimmer has received research funding and honoraria from Baxter AG and AbbVie Switzerland. She is a member of the Research Council of the Swiss National Science Foundation.

Chad Michael Brummett, M.D.
Associate Editor

Dr. Brummett is a graduate of the Indiana University School of Medicine. After completing residency in anesthesiology at the University of MiDr. Brummett is a graduate of the Indiana University School of Medicine. After completing residency in anesthesiology at the University of Michigan, he trained in pain medicine at Johns Hopkins University. He has been faculty at the University of Michigan since 2007 where he is the Director of Clinical Anesthesia and Pain Research. He also serves as the Associate Chair for Faculty Affairs.

Dr. Brummett’s interests include predictors of acute and chronic post-surgical pain and failure to derive benefit for interventions for interventions and surgeries done primarily for pain.  In particular, Dr. Brummett is interested in the impact of a fibromyalgia-like or centralized pain phenotype on analgesic outcomes. The aims of this research are to provide a mechanistic rationale for appropriate patient selection for surgeries and create personalized pain treatment plans. In addition, Dr. Brummett and his team study chronic opioid use in the perioperative period and in the pain clinic, including the risk factors of new persistent opioid use, as well as the impact of preoperative opioid use on cost, morbidity and utilization. Dr. Brummett was also the first to describe the use of peripheral perineural dexmedetomidine, and his early research focused on the efficacy, safety, and mechanisms of dexmedetomidine added to local anesthetics for peripheral nerve blocks. He has since translated that work to humans.

Conflicts of interest: Conflicts of interest: Dr. Brummett is a consultant for Heron Therapeutics and Recro Pharma. He receives research funding from Neuros Medical, Inc (Willoughby, OH). Dexmedetomidine patent: The University of Michigan holds a patent covering the use of perineural dexmedetomidine for in regional anesthesia. Brummett CM, Inventor; The Regents of the University of Michigan, Assignee; Anesthetic Methods and Compositions; US patent application US 12/791,506; Issue date 04/02/2013.

John F. Butterworth, M.D.
Associate Editor

Professor and Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia

Dr. Butterworth’s research interests include local anesthetic pharmacology and toxicity, clinical pharmacology, cardiothoracic anesthesia, regional anesthesia and acute pain, legal, management, and economic issues related to anesthetic practice. Dr. Butterworth’s clinical practice includes thoracic and “generalist” anesthesia.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Butterworth served in the past as a consultant to various pharmaceutical manufacturers. He owns stock in Cerner Corporation, but has no other current financial conflicts of interest under the definitions used by Anesthesiology or Virginia Commonwealth University.

Vincent W.S. Chan, M.D., F.R.C.P.C., F.R.C.A.
Associate Editor

Dr. Vincent Chan received a Bachelor of Science degree (Biochemistry, Honors) and his MD degree from McGill University, Montreal and then obtained postgraduate training in Anesthesiology at University of Toronto, Toronto and board certification (FRCPC, Anesthesia). Dr. Chan is acknowledged by his colleagues as an international leader in the fields of regional anesthesia and pain medicine. In 2009, he was awarded the Gold Medal Award by the Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society, the highest personal award in recognition of his contribution to anesthesia in Canada through excellence in teaching, research, professional practice in the field of ultrasound guided regional anesthesia. He was President of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) from 2009 to 2011. In 2011, he was conferred with the award of the FRCA Fellowship by Election by the Royal College of Anaesthetists (UK). In May 2013, he received the International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS) Teaching Recognition Award for Achievement in Education. In October 2013, he received the Distinguished Service Award from European Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Therapy (Spain) for outstanding clinical, educational and scientific achievements in anesthesiology, and for contributions to the increased knowledge and practice of regional anesthesia. In April 2016, he received the Gaston Labat Award from ASRA for outstanding contributions to the development, teaching and practice of regional anesthesia. In September 2016, he was conferred with the Carl Koller Award by the European Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Therapy in recognition of his outstanding lifetime contribution to the field of regional anaesthesia and pain medicine. In April 2017, he received the Distinguished Service Award from ASRA.

Dr. Chan also serves on the editorial board of the Anesthesiology and Regional Anesthesia Pain Medicine Journals. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed articles, 14 book chapters and over 80 scientific abstracts. Dr. Chan has performed more than 70 Visiting Professorships in North America and abroad and given over 200 international and 100 domestic lectures. He has trained more than 80 postgraduate clinical and research fellows during his academic career. Other significant hospital and university contributions he has made are: Director of Faculty Development (present, University of Toronto), Chair of Research Committee (1997-2001, University of Toronto), and Chair of the Academic Committee, Department of Anesthesia (2006- present, Toronto Western Hospital).

Conflict of interest: Dr Chan receives an honorarium from BBraun, SonoSite, Aspen Pharma and Smiths Medical. 

Steven P. Cohen, M.D.
Associate Editor

Dr. Steven P. Cohen obtained his medical degree at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, completed an anesthesiology residency at Columbia University, and a pain management fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital. Currently, he is Professor of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, as well as Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. He is also Director of the Blaustein Pain Treatment Center, Medical Education and Quality Assurance for the Pain Management Division at Johns Hopkins, and Director of Pain Research at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.

Dr. Cohen has been very active in teaching and pain research in recent years, having published over 250 peer-reviewed articles, reviews and book chapters in the past 15 years. Among his major contributions are the development of an FDA-approved technique for treating sacroiliac joint pain (lateral branch radiofrequency denervation), inventing the intravenous ketamine test to help guide treatment in patients with chronic pain, and performing the first studies evaluating the epidural administration of biological agents for pain. These articles have been featured in some of the top general medical journals including “Lancet”, “CMAJ”, “BMJ”, “Annals of Internal Medicine”, “JAMA-Internal Medicine”. His research has been the subject of articles in the Science Section of the New York Times on 4 separate occasions. He has been the first author on the “Pain” chapter in the last 2 editions of “Cecil Textbook of Medicine”, and was listed in 2014 as one of the top 10 experts in the world for back pain based on quantitative analysis of publications.

In addition to his academic work, Dr. Cohen is a retired Colonel in the U.S. Army, and was deployed 4 times in support of operations in Bosnia, Iraq and Afghanistan. He also serves as the Reserve Liaison to the Pain Management Consultants to the U.S. Army and Navy Surgeons General. Dr. Cohen has previously presented data on pain management in service members to the U.S. Congress, FDA and General Officers. His research was instrumental in the passage of the 2008 Military Pain Care Act, and he served as an inaugural member of the U.S. Army Medical Advisory Board. His previous awards include the American Society of Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine John J. Bonica Award, ASIPP Public Service Award, Donlin M. Long Pain Award, Michael J. Cousins Award Lecture, American Academy of Pain Medicine Founder’s Award, the Order of Military Medical Merit, and the Legion of Merit.

Albert Dahan, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Editor

Professor of Anesthesiology at Leiden University Medical Center.

Dr. Dahan graduated from de Free University in Amsterdam (MD) and Leiden University (PhD). He is head of Research at the Department of Anesthesiology. He founded and heads the Anesthesia & Pain Research Unit since 1995, a non-profit academic institute that performs outcome research in anesthesia and pain management aimed at improvement of care in anesthesia and pain treatment and the wide distribution of gained knowledge, in close cooperation with non-academic partners.

Conflict of Interest: In the last 5 years Dr. Dahan received educational grants, consultancy fees and/or speaker fees from the following sponsors: Medasense Biometrics Ltd. (Israel), MSD BV (Netherlands), Grünenthal GmbH (Germany), Eurocept BV (Netherlands), Royal Dutch Shell (Netherlands), Revive Therapeutics (Canada) and Galleon Pharmaceuticals Corp. (US).

Holger K. Eltzschig, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Editor

As a physician scientist trained in anesthesiology and critical care medicine, Dr. Eltzschig is a funded investigator to study the role of hypoxia-elicited adaptive responses in the context of acute organ injury. Many surgical patients experience acute organ injury in their perioperative course, which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. At present, therapeutic approaches to prevent or treat acute organ injury—such as acute kidney or lung injury, intestinal inflammation, or myocardial ischemia are very limited. Dr. Eltzschig’s laboratory is particularly interested in studying endogenous adaptive pathways that are under the control of hypoxia-inducible factors. They have applied these molecular concepts in a wide range of disease models that are important for the field of anesthesiology and critical care medicine, including myocardial ischemia, acute kidney injury, liver ischemia or acute lung injury and intestinal inflammation. Many of our studies point toward an adaptive role for hypoxia-elicited signaling pathways, for example, by attenuating hypoxia-associated inflammation or promoting ischemia tolerance. They are currently exploring translational approaches to take these findings from bench to bedside, and they anticipate that some of these findings will lead to novel approaches to prevent or treat acute organ injury in patients who require major surgery or suffer from critical illness.

Dr. Eltzschig’s research laboratory is particularly devoted toward providing junior investigators with unique training and career opportunities. As such, he has trained many scientists and physician scientists from the field of anesthesiology, surgery, immunology, and critical care medicine. Several of his trainees went on to become funded investigators (e.g., via NIH K08 or R01 mechanisms) or took over academic leadership roles.

Conflicts of interest: Dr. Eltzschig received a honorarium and travel expenses from Novartis in 2015.

Laurent Glance, M.D.
Associate Editor

Dr. Glance obtained his M.D. at Cornell and his undergraduate degree at Dartmouth. He is a cardiac anesthesiologist who trained at New York-Presbyterian Hospital (Cornell) for residency and Memorial Sloan-Kettering for critical care medicine. He is the past recipient of a Research Career Development Grant (K08 HS11295) from AHRQ, which focused on the optimization of risk-adjustment methodologies for measuring Intensive Care Unit quality.

Dr. Glance was the PI on an AHRQ-funded R01 grant (R01 HS016737) (2007-2013). This grant uses the National Trauma Databank as a platform to determine whether providing hospitals with trauma report cards will lead to improved population outcomes in trauma. This work has led to the development of a highly innovative empiric-based approach to trauma injury scoring using either clinical data or ICD-9-CM codes, published in the Annals of Surgery, as an alternative to the expert-based injury severity scoring system currently in use. The Trauma Mortality Prediction Model, developed through this grant, has been adopted for use by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

To address one of the primary limitations of trauma registry data, this project also validated the use of multiple imputation for handling missing data in the context of quality measurement. This grant also examined whether higher-quality trauma care is associated with lower cost and whether failure-to-rescue is an important mechanism driving outcome differences across trauma center. The project also explored the relationship between (1) National Quality Forum safety practices and trauma outcomes; and (2) American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma Quality Indicators and trauma outcomes. The PI previously completed an AHRQ-funded project (R01 HS 13617) focusing on the implications of the present-on-admission (POA) indicator in administrative data to differentiate preexisting conditions from complications. This grant was scored in the top 1st percentile. This work led to publications showing that the addition of the present-on-admission (POA) indicator enhances the ability of existing comorbidity algorithms to map ICD-9-CM codes to diagnostic categories accurately, and that the use of routine administrative data without POA information to construct hospital quality report cards may result in the misidentification of hospital quality outliers.

Dr. Glance serves on the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Committee on Performance and Outcomes Measurement and the ASA Committee on Research. Dr. Glance is helping to spearhead the development of the ACOG-ASA Maternal Quality Improvement Program (MQIP): a partnership between the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) to collect outcomes data on the clinical course of childbirth in the US. These data will be used to improve the quality of maternal care at the local level, establish national performance benchmarks for obstetrics and obstetrical anesthesia, and facilitate comparative effectiveness research.

Stephen Harvey, M.D.
Associate Editor

Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Dr. Harvey received his M.D. from the University of Tennessee. He completed his internship at Methodist University Hospital in Memphis and his residency at St-Luke's Roosevelt Hospital in New York City. He is medical director for the Vanderbilt Hybrid Surgical Center. His clinical areas of interest include airway management, regional and ambulatory anesthesia. Dr. Harvey is passionate about creative writing, especially poetry, and the crossroads of medicine and the humanities. He is a candidate in the Masters of Fine Arts Program at Murray State University..

Harriet W. Hopf, M.D.
Associate Editor

Professor and Vice Chair, Department of Anesthesiology, Adjunct Professor, Department of Bioengineering and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs (School of Medicine) University of Utah

Dr. Hopf’s research focuses on preventing surgical site infections, improving research training in anesthesiology, and developing promotion and tenure policies that align with institutional mission and value. Dr. Hopf serves on the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER) Academy of Research Mentors in Anesthesiology and the FAER Board of Directors. She was elected to the UCSF Academy of Medical Educators in 2004 and the University of Utah Academy of Health Sciences Educators in 2014. She received the FAER Mentoring Excellence in Research Award in 2013.

Vesna Jevtovic-Todorovic, M.D.
Associate Editor


Ru-Rong Ji, Ph.D.
Associate Editor

Distinguished Professor of Duke University, Professor of Anesthesiology and Neurobiology, Chief of Pain Research, Duke University Health Center

Dr. Ji’s research focuses on chronic pain mechanisms and development of novel pain therapeutics. His group studies how neuroinflammation, glial cells, and ion channels regulate neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission in chronic pain. He is internationally recognized for demonstrating important roles of MAP kinase signaling pathways, glial cells, and neuroinflammation in the pathogenesis of chronic pain. His recent work also demonstrates unique mechanisms of specialized pro-resolution mediators (e.g., resolvins and protectins), secreted miRNAs, chemokines, TLRs, and stem cells in pain regulation. Dr. Ji has published 160 peer-reviewed papers, including many papers in top medical and neuroscience journals. Before moving to Duke University, he had been a faculty member at Harvard Medical School for 14 years.

Conflict of interest: Editorial board member of Pain, Neuroscience, and Neuroscience Bulletin, recipient of grant funds from NIH, consult for Archelios.   

Kate Leslie, MBBS, MD, MEpid, MHlthServMt, FANZCA, FAHMS
Associate Editor

Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Anaesthesia, Perioperative and Pain Medicine Unit, and Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Melbourne; Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University.

Prof. Leslie's research interests include awareness and depth of anaesthesia, sedation and intravenous anaesthesia, and large clinical trials in anaesthesia and perioperative medicine. She is the current chair of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists Clinical Trials Network. Dr. Leslie's clinical interests include neurosurgery, general surgery and trauma surgery.

Conflicts of Interest: Prof. Leslie has no conflict of interest to declare.

Martin J. London, M.D.
Associate Editor

Dr. London’s clinical areas include adult cardiac and vascular anesthesia, “generalist” anesthesia, and perioperative/medical critical care. His current research interests focus on pharmacoepidemiology of perioperative cardiovascular medications using large VA databases. Prior studies have focused on health care delivery, monitoring strategies and fast tracking for cardiac surgery, implications of perioperative ischemia in noncardiac surgery, effects of colloidal volume expanders in cardiac surgery and the coronary circulation during hypothermia. He is active in national guideline development for cardiac and noncardiac surgery in collaboration with the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology. He is also active in educational initiatives, particularly those related to perioperative transesophageal, transthoracic echocardiography and point of care ultrasonography.

Conflicts of interest: Dr. London has no conflicts of interest.

Jochen (Danny) Muehlschlegel, MD, MMSc
Associate Editor

Director, Cardiovascular Anesthesia Research, Associate Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Dr. Muehlschlegel’s research interests center on the impact of genetic variation upon adverse cardiovascular events, and their significance on a functional level. He is the principal investigator of the TRANSCRIBE study, examining the genetics of gene expression in human myocardium at baseline and after exposure to ischemia by performing an eQTL analysis, and the RECHARGE study, in which he aims to identify variants associated with Rheumatic Heart Disease in a Rwandan cohort of cardiac surgical patients.

Dr. Muehlschlegel’s clinical interests are cardiac anesthesiology with significant subspecialty training in all aspects of cardiac disease and transesophageal echocardiography. His particular expertise is in the area of myocardial injury and its association with cardiac specific biomarker elevation, as well as in defining the role that the ECG has in the acute myocardial injury setting immediately post cardiac surgery.

Conflict of interest: none

Paul Myles

I am part-funded by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Practitioner Fellowship. I am an editor of the British Journal of Anaesthesia, and a member of the editorial board of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care.

Peter Nagele, M.D., M.Sc.
Associate Editor

Associate Professor, Departments of Anesthesiology and Genetics, and Chief, Section of Trauma Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri

Dr. Nagele's research interests are cardiovascular risk in the perioperative period, clinical trials, perioperative beta-blocker therapy, myocardial infarction, cardiac biomarkers, nitrous oxide and its novel use in major depression. His clinical interests are in civilian and military trauma, pre-hospital emergency medicine, resuscitation cardiac arrest.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Nagele has received research funding from Roche Diagnostics, Abbott, Express Scripts. He has intellectual property claims in the use of nitrous oxide in depression and related disorders. 

Mark D. Neuman, M.D., M.Sc.
Associate Editor

Philadelphia, PA Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; Assistant Professor of Medicine (Geriatrics), Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; Senior Fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics.

Dr. Neuman's clinical areas include adult general anesthesia, anesthesia for older adults, and anesthesia for orthopedic surgery. His current research interests focus on comparing the effectiveness of different anesthesia techniques for improving patient-centered outcomes after hip fracture surgery. Prior studies have employed large retrospective databases to address questions of comparative effectiveness in the perioperative setting, and to examine the health-system factors associated with adverse outcomes among older adults undergoing major surgical procedures.

Conflicts of interest: Dr. Neuman has no conflicts of interest.

Craig M. Palmer, M.D.
Associate Editor

Professor of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, University of Arizona

Dr. Palmer is in active clinical practice at Banner-University Medical Center in Tucson, AZ. Research interests include obstetric anesthesia, particularly regional anesthesia for labor and delivery, anesthesia for cesarean delivery, and intrathecal opioids for labor and post-partum/post-operative analgesia.

Conflict of interest: Dr. Palmer has received a Fulbright scholarship to teach and study in Novi Sad, Serbia beginning in January 2016, funded by the U.S. Department of State.

Cyril Rivat, Ph.D.
Associate Editor

Associate Professor at University of Montpellier and at the Institution of Neuroscience in Montpellier (INM) INSERM U1051, Paris, France.

Dr Rivat’s research interests focus on the identification of the molecular mechanisms at the central and peripheral nervous system that underlie the transition from acute to chronic pain. That involves long-term plasticity induced by incisional surgery, peripheral nerve lesion, large doses of opioid and stress. Current efforts are directed at the study of the neuroimmune communication in the maintenance of peripheral neuropathic pain. Dr Rivat is also interested in developing pharmacological multimodal interventions to limit pain chronification.

Warren S. Sandberg, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Editor

Dr. Warren Sandberg is Chair of the Department of Anesthesiology at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and professor of anesthesiology, surgery, and biomedical informatics.

Dr. Sandberg received his Ph.D. in biochemistry and molecular biology from the University of Chicago, and his M.D. from the University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine. He served his internship at the University of Chicago Hospitals and was a resident/fellow in the Department of Anesthesia/Critical Care at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Sandberg joined the Harvard faculty in 1998 where he served until his selection as chair at Vanderbilt, April 2010.

At Vanderbilt, Dr. Sandberg divides his time between clinical practice, research, and administration. He has a deep clinical and research interest in the development and use of informatics in anesthesiology, and Vanderbilt is a recognized national leader in informatics, quality and health outcomes research. Dr. Sandberg’s specific research interests include: factors affecting physician-patient communication, patient care technology, perioperative systems design, and OR workflow management. In his role as Chair of the Department of Anesthesiology, his goal is to leverage forward thinking technologists and the already present capabilities of the institution to develop a world class anesthesia informatics and real-time decision support research program.

Conflicts of interest: None.

Alan Jay Schwartz, M.D., M.S.Ed.
Associate Editor

Director of Education, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Professor of Anesthesiology & Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA

Dr. Schwartz’s interests include clinical care and education with special emphasis on pediatric and cardiothoracic anesthesiology and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Dr. Schwartz has nothing to disclose.

Allan F. Simpao, M.D., M.B.I.
Associate Editor

Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Dr. Simpao's current research interests focus on clinical informatics and applying visual analytics to health care databases for outcomes analysis and quality improvement. He has lectured nationally on social media ethics and professionalism and physicians' use of social media for networking, education and advocacy. His clinical expertise is in pediatric and fetal anesthesia.

Jamie W. Sleigh, M.D.
Associate Editor

Jamie Sleigh is Professor of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care at the Waikato Clinical School, of the University of Auckland, Hamilton, New Zealand. He grew up in Zimbabwe, and specialised in anaesthesia in the United Kingdom, before moving to New Zealand in 1988. He has practiced in both intensive care medicine and anaesthesia – at present he has particular interests in anaesthesia for vascular surgery and neurosurgery. His current research interests include: the practical use of EEG in anaesthesia and consciousness; EEG signal processing; the modelling of brain dynamics in anaesthesia, sleep, and seizures; pharmacokinetics of anaesthetic drugs; and the molecular determinants of postoperative pain.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr Sleigh is named on patents for an ester analogue of ketamine.

BobbieJean Sweitzer, MD, FACP
Associate Editor

Professor of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Professor of Medicine, Director, Anesthesia Perioperative Medicine Clinic, Northwestern University

BobbieJean Sweitzer, MD, FACP is board certified in both internal medicine and anesthesiology and Director of Perioperative Medicine at Northwestern University. She is an author and editor of the Handbook of Preoperative Assessment and Management (1st, 2nd and 3rd editions) and has written numerous publications on perioperative medicine, including chapters in Miller’s Anesthesia, 7th and 8th editions; Anesthesiology by Longnecker, 1st, 2nd and 3rd editions; Basics of Anesthesia, Stoelting and Miller, 6th and 7th editions, and Preanesthesia evaluation for noncardiac surgery for UpToDate.

Journal articles by Dr. Sweitzer include: The Goldilocks principle as it applies to perioperative blood pressure: what is too high, too low, or just right? Br J Anaesth 119:7-10, 2017; Gastrostomy tube placement is safe in advanced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Neurol Res 23;1-7, 2016; Venous thromboembolism after diaphragm pacing in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Muscle Nerve 50:863- 865, 2014; Preanesthesia evaluation for ambulatory surgery: do we make a difference? Curr Opin Anesthesiol 26:669-676, 2013; CPAP adherence in patients with newly diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea prior to elective surgery. J Clin Sleep Med 8:501-506, 2012.

She lectures extensively on preoperative evaluation and preparation of patients having anesthesia. Her academic interests include perioperative management of high-risk patients and effects on perioperative outcomes. Dr. Sweitzer is a founding member of the Governing Board, and past President of the Society of Perioperative Assessment and Quality Improvement and is on the board of directors of the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia.

David S. Warner, M.D.
Associate Editor

David S. Warner, M.D. is a Distinguished Professor of Anesthesiology at Duke University. Dr. Warner directs the Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories. His research and educational interests dedicated to advancing treatment of acute brain and spinal cord injury. Current research is focused on pre-clinical development of therapeutics for acute brain injury using rigorous long-term outcome recovery models to define mechanisms of action and efficacy so as to inform clinical trial design. Dr. Warner is the 2005 recipient of the American Society of Anesthesiologists Excellence in Research award, past-president of the Society for Neurosciences in Anesthesiology and Critical Care and its 2011 Distinguished Service Award recipient. Dr. Warner has directed post-doctoral research training with NIH T32 awards since 1992 and received the Robert N. Sladen Teacher of the Year Award in 2011, the Duke University 2015 Excellence in Translational Research Mentoring award and the 2015 Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research award for Mentoring Excellence in Research. Dr. Warner trained at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the University of Iowa, and the Laboratory for Experimental Brain Research, University of Lund, Sweden.

Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Warner holds equity in Biomimetix Pharmaceuticals, LLP.

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