Pain Medicine  |   July 2018
Spinal Protein Kinase Mζ Regulates α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid Receptor Trafficking and Dendritic Spine Plasticity via Kalirin-7 in the Pathogenesis of Remifentanil-induced Postincisional Hyperalgesia in Rats
Author Notes
  • From the Tianjin Research Institute of Anesthesiology and Department of Anesthesiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.
  • Supplemental Digital Content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are available in both the HTML and PDF versions of this article. Links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s Web site (www.anesthesiology.org).
    Supplemental Digital Content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are available in both the HTML and PDF versions of this article. Links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the Journal’s Web site (www.anesthesiology.org).×
  • Submitted for publication July 19, 2017. Accepted for publication February 21, 2018.
    Submitted for publication July 19, 2017. Accepted for publication February 21, 2018.×
  • Address correspondence to Dr. Wang: Tianjin Research Institute of Anesthesiology and Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China. wangguolinghad@hotmail.com. Information on purchasing reprints may be found at www.anesthesiology.org or on the masthead page at the beginning of this issue. Anesthesiology’s articles are made freely accessible to all readers, for personal use only, 6 months from the cover date of the issue.
Article Information
Pain Medicine / Basic Science / Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems / Pain Medicine / Pharmacology / Opioid
Pain Medicine   |   July 2018
Spinal Protein Kinase Mζ Regulates α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid Receptor Trafficking and Dendritic Spine Plasticity via Kalirin-7 in the Pathogenesis of Remifentanil-induced Postincisional Hyperalgesia in Rats
Anesthesiology 7 2018, Vol.129, 173-186. doi:10.1097/ALN.0000000000002190
Anesthesiology 7 2018, Vol.129, 173-186. doi:10.1097/ALN.0000000000002190
Abstract

Background: Intraoperative remifentanil anesthesia exaggerates postoperative pain sensitivity. Recent studies recapitulate the significance of protein kinase Mζ in α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor–mediated pathologic pain. Kalirin-7, a Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor, coordinates AMPA receptor trafficking and dendritic spine plasticity. This study examines whether protein kinase Mζ and Kalirin-7 contribute to remifentanil-induced postincisional hyperalgesia via AMPA receptor.

Methods: Plantar incision was performed 10 min after the start of remifentanil infusion (1 µg · kg−1 · min−1 for 60 min). Paw withdrawal threshold (primary outcome), spinal protein kinase Mζ activity, Kalirin-7 expression, AMPA receptor trafficking, and spine morphology were assessed. Protein kinase Mζ inhibitor and Kalirin-7 knockdown by short hairpin RNA elucidated the mechanism and prevention of hyperalgesia. Whole-cell patch-clamp recording analyzed the role of protein kinase Mζ in spinal AMPA receptor–induced current.

Results: Remifentanil reduced postincisional paw withdrawal threshold (mean ± SD, control vs. hyperalgesia, 18.9 ± 1.6 vs. 5.3 ± 1.2 g, n = 7) at postoperative 48 h, which was accompanied by an increase in spinal protein kinase Mζ phosphorylation (97.8 ± 25.1 vs. 181.5 ± 18.3%, n = 4), Kalirin-7 production (101.9 ± 29.1 vs. 371.2 ± 59.1%, n = 4), and number of spines/10 µm (2.0 ± 0.3 vs. 13.0 ± 1.6, n = 4). Protein kinase Mζ inhibitor reduced remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia, Kalirin-7 expression, and GluA1 trafficking. Incubation with protein kinase Mζ inhibitor reversed remifentanil-enhanced AMPA receptor-induced current in dorsal horn neurons. Kalirin-7 deficiency impaired remifentanil-caused hyperalgesia, postsynaptic GluA1 insertion, and spine plasticity. Selective GluA2-lacking AMPA receptor antagonist prevented hyperalgesia in a dose-dependent manner.

Conclusions: Spinal protein kinase Mζ regulation of GluA1-containing AMPA receptor trafficking and spine morphology via Kalirin-7 overexpression is a fundamental pathogenesis of remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia in rats.