Education  |   July 2017
Images in Anesthesiology: Torus Palatinus and Airway Management
Author Notes
  • From the Overlook Medical Center, Summit, New Jersey (J.A.); Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio (S.J.R.); and Department of Perioperative Medicine, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (A.J.M.).
  • Address correspondence to Dr. Mannes: mannes@nih.gov
Article Information
Education / Images in Anesthesiology / Airway Management
Education   |   July 2017
Images in Anesthesiology: Torus Palatinus and Airway Management
Anesthesiology 7 2017, Vol.127, 164. doi:10.1097/ALN.0000000000001566
Anesthesiology 7 2017, Vol.127, 164. doi:10.1097/ALN.0000000000001566
TORUS palatinus is a bony exostosis of the maxilla that affects 20 to 30% of people in the United States.1  Tori can be unilobular or multilobulated and pedunculated or flat. Large tori that protrude more than 5 mm from the maxilla comprise less than 5% of tori.2  The accompanying image is of a pedunculated torus palatinus measuring 2 cm in diameter, found during the preoperative evaluation of a patient. There is no definitive explanation as to why torus palatinus occurs, although genetic factors, superficial injuries, and palate stress from mastication are thought to play a role.1 
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