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Pain Medicine  |   June 1989
Halothane, Fentanyl/Nitrous Oxide, and Spinal Lidocaine Protect Against Spinal Cord Injury in the Rat
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Daniel J. Cole, M.D.
    *
  • Harvey M. Shapiro, M.D.
  • John C. Drummond, M.D.
  • Justin A. Zivin, M.D., Ph.D.
    §
  • * Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Loma Linda University. Work performed as a neuroanesthesia research fellow at the University of California at San Diego.
  • Professor and Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology; and Professor of Neurosurgery, University of California at San Diego.
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology, University of California at San Diego.
  • § Associate Professor of Neurosciences, University of California at San Diego.
Article Information
Pain Medicine
Pain Medicine   |   June 1989
Halothane, Fentanyl/Nitrous Oxide, and Spinal Lidocaine Protect Against Spinal Cord Injury in the Rat
Anesthesiology 6 1989, Vol.70, 967-972. doi:
Anesthesiology 6 1989, Vol.70, 967-972. doi:
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