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Correspondence  |   May 1995
Proper Placement of the Esophageal Tracheal Combitube
Author Notes
  • Yaser Wafai, M.D., Edward A. Czinn, M.D., Attending Anesthesiologists, Illinois Masonic Medical Center, 836 West Wellington Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60657; Clinical Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
  • M. Ramez Salem, M.D., Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology, Illinois Masonic Medical Center; Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Anis Baraka, M.D., F.R.C.Anesth. (Hon), Professor and Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology, American University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon.
Article Information
Correspondence
Correspondence   |   May 1995
Proper Placement of the Esophageal Tracheal Combitube
Anesthesiology 5 1995, Vol.82, 1304-1305. doi:
Anesthesiology 5 1995, Vol.82, 1304-1305. doi:
To the Editor:—Green and Beger [1 ] reported two cases in which malposition of the esophageal tracheal combitube (ETC) resulted in inability to ventilate a patient's lungs. As alternatives to tracheal intubation, devices such as the ETC and the laryngeal mask airway are used more frequently in clinical practice. Thus, verifying the proper placement of these devices becomes a source of legitimate concern.
We evaluated the effectiveness of the self-inflating bulb (SIB) in identifying the location of the ETC and facilitating its proper positioning in anesthetized patients. [2 ] In all patients studied, the SIB reliably identified either correct (43) or improper (3) positioning of the ETC. When the ETC is in proper position (Figure 1), a compressed SIB reinflates immediately when connected to the proximal lumen (which permits ventilation via pharyngeal perforations) and will remain compressed when connected to the distal lumen (which leads into the esophagus). In three patients, delayed reinflation (2–4 s) or absence of reinflation was noted when the compressed SIB was connected to the proximal lumen. This corresponded with the inability to ventilate adequately through either lumen. In these cases, slowly withdrawing the ETC 1–2 cm resulted in instantaneous reinflation of the SIB when retested, suggesting proper ETC positioning. Subsequent easy ventilation via the proximal lumen confirmed correct positioning. Based on our findings, we suggested a simple algorithm for use of the SIB to facilitate proper positioning of the ETC. [2 ].
Figure 1. When properly positioned, a compressed self-inflating bulb instantaneously reinflates when connected to the proximal lumen by aspirating gas from the lungs via the perforations (arrows) and will remain compressed when connected to the distal lumen.
Figure 1. When properly positioned, a compressed self-inflating bulb instantaneously reinflates when connected to the proximal lumen by aspirating gas from the lungs via the perforations (arrows) and will remain compressed when connected to the distal lumen.
Figure 1. When properly positioned, a compressed self-inflating bulb instantaneously reinflates when connected to the proximal lumen by aspirating gas from the lungs via the perforations (arrows) and will remain compressed when connected to the distal lumen.
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The SIB has been shown to be a useful adjunct in differentiating between esophageal and tracheal intubation in anesthetized patients. [3–5 ] Its usefulness in assisting the correct positioning of other airway devices shows promise as well. Preliminary investigations at our institution suggest the SIB also may facilitate proper positioning of the laryngeal mask airway. [6 ] Although using the SIB in no way precludes the appropriate clinical assessment of adequate ventilation, i.e., bilateral breath sounds, we believe the ability of the SIB to facilitate the proper positioning of the ETC warrants its use.
Yaser Wafai, M.D., Edward A. Czinn, M.D., Attending Anesthesiologists, Illinois Masonic Medical Center, 836 West Wellington Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60657; Clinical Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
M. Ramez Salem, M.D., Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology, Illinois Masonic Medical Center; Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
Anis Baraka, M.D., F.R.C.Anesth. (Hon), Professor and Chairman, Department of Anesthesiology, American University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon.
(Accepted for publication February 10, 1995.)
REFERENCES
Green KS, Beger TH: Proper use of the combitube (letter). ANESTHESIOLOGY 81:513, 1994.
Wafai Y, Salem MR, Baraka A, Joseph NJ, Czinn EA, Paulissian R: Effectiveness of the self-inflating bulb for verification of proper placement of the esophageal tracheal combitube. Anesth Analg 80:122-126, 1995.
Zaleski L, Abello D, Gold MI: The esophageal detector device. Does it work? ANESTHESIOLOGY 79:244-247, 1993.
Salem MR, Wafai Y, Baraka A, Taimoorazy B, Joseph NJ, Nimmagadda U: Use of self-inflating bulb for detecting esophageal intubation after “esophageal ventilation.” Anesth Analg 77:1227-1231, 1993.
Salem MR, Wafai Y, Joseph NJ, Baraka A, Czinn EA: Efficacy of the self-inflating bulb in detecting esophageal intubation: Does the presence of a nasogastric tube or cuff deflation make a difference? ANESTHESIOLOGY 80:42-48, 1994.
Wafai Y, Salem MR, Tartaglione A, Joseph NJ: Facilitation of positioning of the laryngeal mask airway by the self-inflating bulb (abstract). ANESTHESIOLOGY 80:A628, 1994.
Figure 1. When properly positioned, a compressed self-inflating bulb instantaneously reinflates when connected to the proximal lumen by aspirating gas from the lungs via the perforations (arrows) and will remain compressed when connected to the distal lumen.
Figure 1. When properly positioned, a compressed self-inflating bulb instantaneously reinflates when connected to the proximal lumen by aspirating gas from the lungs via the perforations (arrows) and will remain compressed when connected to the distal lumen.
Figure 1. When properly positioned, a compressed self-inflating bulb instantaneously reinflates when connected to the proximal lumen by aspirating gas from the lungs via the perforations (arrows) and will remain compressed when connected to the distal lumen.
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