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Pain Medicine  |   October 1994
In Vitro Modeling of Spinal Anesthesia: A Digital Video Image Processing Technique and Its Application to Catheter Characterization
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ronald A. Robinson, M.S.
    *
  • Sandy F. C. Stewart, Ph.D.
  • Matthew R. Myers, Ph.D.
  • Lillian F. Lien, B.S.
    §
  • Jean R. Rinaldi, M.S.
  • Jeffery L Swisher, M.D.
    #
  • Kenneth Drasner, M.D.
    **
  • * Senior Bio-Medical Engineer, the Food and Drug Administration.
  • † Senior Bio-Medical Engineer, the Food and Drug Administration.
  • ‡ Senior Physicist, the Food and Drug Administration.
  • § Research Assistant, the Food and Drug Administration.
  • ¶ Bio-Medical Engineer, the Food and Drug Administration.
  • # Clinical Instructor of Anesthesia, University of California.
  • ** Associate Professor of Anesthesia, University of California.
Article Information
Pain Medicine
Pain Medicine   |   October 1994
In Vitro Modeling of Spinal Anesthesia: A Digital Video Image Processing Technique and Its Application to Catheter Characterization
Anesthesiology 10 1994, Vol.81, 1053-1060. doi:
Anesthesiology 10 1994, Vol.81, 1053-1060. doi:
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