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Correspondence  |   October 1997
Cardiac Arrest and Epidural Anesthesia 
Author Notes
  • Colorado Anesthesia Consultants, P.C.; 455 Sherman, Suite 510; Denver, Colorado 80203.
  • (Accepted for publication May 15, 1997.)
Article Information
Correspondence
Correspondence   |   October 1997
Cardiac Arrest and Epidural Anesthesia 
Anesthesiology 10 1997, Vol.87, 1008. doi:
Anesthesiology 10 1997, Vol.87, 1008. doi:
To the Editor:-Drs. Liguori and Sharrock [1 ] are to be congratulated for their informative case reports regarding a complication that has tremendous implications. [2 ] Not only have they provided the most comprehensive, clinical detail to date of the progression of this heretofore, little-understood occurrence, they have also provided insight as to the “at-risk” time frame as well. They have now documented the occurrence of profound bradycardia in the absence of obvious predisposing factors up to 3.5 h after institution of epidural anesthesia. However, this additional information raises many additional concerns. Just as our evolving realization that preterm neonates were at risk for apnea related to postconceptual age for some ill-defined time in the postoperative period, [3 ] so too we apparently now are faced with determining how far after institution of (or “top-up” of) epidural anesthesia our patients are at risk for profound (catastrophic?) bradycardia. I am afraid that had Liguori's and Sharrock"s patient number 11 who developed asystole 1 h after admittance to the PACU been in my practice setting, it would have been an unwitnessed arrest with a less fortuitous outcome because that patient, in all likelihood would have already transferred to the ward. This series of reports and the elucidation of the late occurrences in some instances will aid those of us faced with hospital administrators trying to reduce staffing requirements in the PACU by accelerating discharges to the ward. Although I agree with Liguori's and Sharrock's admonition of vigilance on our part, it may be not unlikely that these events will and do occur outside of our vigilant realm. The true value of their report lies in “heightened awareness,” not only to “… provide optimal treatment of progressing bradycardia …” but also to aid clinicians with real information to ward off the omnipresent drive to treat patients faster and cheaper.
Ross W. Appleyard, M.D.
Colorado Anesthesia Consultants, P.C.; 455 Sherman, Suite 510; Denver, Colorado 80203
References 
References 
Liguori GA, Sharrock NE: Asystole and severe bradycardia during epidural anesthesia in orthopedic patients. Anesthesiology 1997; 86:250-7.
Caplan RA, Ward RJ, Posner K, Cheney FW: Unexpected cardiac arrest during spinal anesthesia: A closed claims analysis of predisposing factors. Anesthesiology 1988; 68:5-11.
Steward DJ: Preterm infants are more prone to complications following minor surgery than are term infants. Anesthesiology 1982; 56:304-6.