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Correspondence  |   December 1997
Increase in the Arterial-to-end-tidal Gradient (Intraabdominal Carbon Dioxide Insufflation in the Pregnant Ewe) 
Author Notes
  • Department of Anesthesia, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.
Article Information
Correspondence
Correspondence   |   December 1997
Increase in the Arterial-to-end-tidal Gradient (Intraabdominal Carbon Dioxide Insufflation in the Pregnant Ewe) 
Anesthesiology 12 1997, Vol.87, 1596. doi:
Anesthesiology 12 1997, Vol.87, 1596. doi:
To the Editor:-In their recently published study on the pregnant ewe, Cruz et al. [1 ] noted a significant increase in the arterial-to-end-tidal gradient for PCO2during intraabdominal CO2insufflation. They appropriately caution against underestimation of arterial PCO2based on end-tidal CO2monitoring; however, we disagree with their implicit suggestion that arterial blood gas sampling is necessary for laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy. In our clinical experience with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 10 pregnant patients, [2 ] monitoring ventilation and circulation with capnography and other customary noninvasive monitors (electrocardiography [ECG], pulse oximetry, noninvasive blood pressure, airway pressures, and expired volumes), we noted no adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely and effectively during pregnancy, without invasive monitoring.
Richard A. Steinbrook, M.D.
Sanjay Datta, M.D.
Department of Anesthesia; Brigham and Women's Hospital; 75 Francis Street; Boston, Massachusetts 02115
(Accepted for publication August 24, 1997.)
References 
References 
Cruz AM, Southerland LC, Duke T, Townsend HGG, Ferguson JG, Crone LL: Intraabdominal carbon dioxide insufflation in the pregnant ewe. Anesthesiology 1996; 85:1395-402.
Steinbrook RA, Brooks DC, Datta S: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy: Review of anesthetic management, surgical consideration. Surg Endosc 1996; 10:511-5.