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Correspondence  |   February 2004
Alternative Formula for Laryngeal Mask Airway  ™ Size Selection
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Shuichi Hirai, M.D.
    *
  • * Kagawa Medical School, Kagawa, Japan.
Article Information
Correspondence
Correspondence   |   February 2004
Alternative Formula for Laryngeal Mask Airway  ™ Size Selection
Anesthesiology 2 2004, Vol.100, 460. doi:
Anesthesiology 2 2004, Vol.100, 460. doi:
To the Editor:—
Size selection of the Laryngeal Mask Airway  ™ (LMA  ™ Laryngeal Mask Company Limited, San Diego, CA) is important for avoiding complications and is based on patient body weight. 1 The previously proposed formula for determining the appropriate LMA  ™ size 2 is impractical because it contains the square root of the patient’s body weight. We advocate here an alternative formula:LMA  ™ size = 1 + BWru/20, where BWru indicates body weight (in kilograms) rounded up at the first digit. For example, if a patient’s body weight of 14 kg (BWru) is 20 because 14 can be rounded up to 20 at the first digit, the calculation would be as follows:LMA  ™ size = 1 + 20/20 = 1 + 1 = 2.
If the calculation of LMA  ™ size shows 3.5 or 4.5, we choose LMA  ™#3 or #4. This manner of size selection agrees with the recommendation by Brimacombe and Brain. 1 Alternatively, if the calculated LMA  ™ size is 3.5 or 4.5, we can also use LMA  ™#4 or #5. This size selection is similar to the sex-based LMA  ™ size recommendation for adult patients. 3 
Our formula is convenient for pediatric patients, although it cannot be used in infants weighing less than 5 kg. In addition, the formula does not require a pocket calculator.
References
Brimacombe JR, Brain AIJ: Preparation for use, The Laryngeal Mask Airway: A Review and Practical Guide. Edited by Brimacombe JR, Brain AIJ, London, Saunders, 1997, pp 52–64
Kagawa T, Obara H: An easy formula to remember the laryngeal mask airway size-patient weight relationship. A nesthesiology 2000; 92: 631–2Kagawa, T Obara, H
Brimacombe JR, Berry AM, Campbell RC, Verghese RC: Selection of proper size of laryngeal mask airway in adults. Anesth Analg 1996; 83: 664Brimacombe, JR Berry, AM Campbell, RC Verghese, RC