Correspondence  |   June 2004
Interdental Distance and Direct Laryngoscopy
Author Notes
  • Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.
Article Information
Correspondence   |   June 2004
Interdental Distance and Direct Laryngoscopy
Anesthesiology 6 2004, Vol.100, 1623. doi:
Anesthesiology 6 2004, Vol.100, 1623. doi:
To the Editor:—  I read with interest the article by Calder et al.  1 showing that limitation of craniocervical extension to less than 36° limits interdental distance. They propose this as another possible mechanism for difficult airway management. However, the relation between inter-dental distance and difficult direct laryngoscopy is uncertain. Charters 2 has shown in a mathematical model that extreme mouth opening actually inhibits direct laryngoscopy. Clinical experience suggests that extreme mouth opening is not practiced as part of laryngoscopy technique. Previous studies showing a correlation between interdental distance and difficult laryngoscopy have included edentulous patients in the measurements, 3,4 or they have not specified whether edentulous patients were included. 5,6,7 Not having maxillary teeth (which undoubtedly improves the line of vision to the glottis) is an entity different from interdental distance per se  .
Calder I, Picard J, Chapman M, O’Sullivan C, Crockard HA: Mouth opening: A new angle. Anesthesiology 2003; 99:799–801
Charters P: Analysis of mathematical model for osseous factors in difficult intubation. Can J Anaesth 1994; 41:7:594–602
Karkouti K, Rose K, Wigglesworth D, Cohen M: Predicting difficult intubation: A multivariate analysis. Can J Anaesth 2000; 47:8:730–9
El-Ganzouri A, McCarthy R, Tuman K, Tanck E, Ivankovich A: Preoperative airway assessment: Predictive value of a multivariate risk index. Anesth Analg 1996; 82:1197–204
Arne J, Descoins P, Fusciardi J, Ingrand P, Ferrier B, Boudigues D, Aries J: Preoperative assessment for difficult intubation in general and ENT surgery: Predictive value of a clinical multivariate risk index. Br J Anaesth 1998; 80:140–6
Nath G, Sekar M: Predicting difficult intubation: A comprehensive scoring system. Anaesth Intensive Care 1997; 25:482–6
Naguib M, Malabarey T, AlSatli R, Damegh S, Samarkandi A: Predictive models for difficult laryngoscopy and intubation: A clinical, radiologic and three-dimensional computer imaging study. Can J Anesth 1999; 46:8:748–59