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Index  |   June 2005
Index TO VOLUME 102
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Index
Index   |   June 2005
Index TO VOLUME 102
Anesthesiology 6 2005, Vol.102, E1-E19. doi:
Anesthesiology 6 2005, Vol.102, E1-E19. doi:
A
Acceleromyography
single acceleromyographic train-of-four, 100-Hertz tetanus or double-burst stimulation: which test performs better to detect residual paralysis? (CI) [Samet et al.], 51
Acetaminophen
efficacy and safety of single and repeated administration of 1 gram intravenous acetaminophen injection (paracetamol) for pain management after major orthopedic surgery (PRA) [Sinatra et al.], 822
Acetylcholine
α2-adrenoceptor activation by clonidine enhances stimulation-evoked acetylcholine release from spinal cord tissue after nerve ligation in rats (PRA) [Obata et al.], 657
effect of propofol on carotid body chemosensitivity and cholinergic chemotransduction (LI) [Jonsson et al.], 110
isoflurane modulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (LI) [Yamashita et al.], 76
ketamine attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction by decreasing myofilament Ca2+sensitivity in pulmonary veins (LI) [Ding et al.], 588
rapacuronium preferentially antagonizes the function of M2 vs.  M3 muscarinic receptors in guinea pig airway smooth muscle (LI) [Jooste et al.], 115
sevoflurane blocks cholinergic synaptic transmission postsynaptically but does not affect short-term potentiation (LI) [Naruo et al.], 920
Acupuncture
perioperative acupuncture and related techniques (RA) [Chernyak et al.], 1031
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
brain cell damage and S-100B increase after acute lung injury (EV) [Raabe et al.], 713
increased pulmonary venous resistance contributes to increased pulmonary artery diastolic-pulmonary wedge pressure gradient in acute respiratory distress syndrome (CI) [Her et al.], 574
S-100 protein and neurohistopathologic changes in porcine model of acute lung injury (LI) [Fries et al.], 761
Adenosine and adenosine receptors
effect of sleep deprivation on righting reflex in rat is partially reversed by adenosine A1 and A2 receptor antagonists (LI) [Tung et al.], 1158
intrathecal morphine reduces allodynia after peripheral nerve injury in rats via  activation of a spinal A1 adenosine receptor (PRA) [Zhang et al.], 416
involvement of adenosine in antiinflammatory action of ketamine (LI) [Mazar et al.], 1174
Adenosine triphosphate
molecular mechanisms underlying ketamine-mediated inhibition of sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels (LI) [Kawano et al.], 93
Adrenergic agents and receptors
α2-adrenoceptor activation by clonidine enhances stimulation-evoked acetylcholine release from spinal cord tissue after nerve ligation in rats (PRA) [Obata et al.], 657
effect of α2B-adrenoceptor polymorphism on peripheral vasoconstriction in healthy volunteers (JS) [Talke et al.], 536
genetic modulation of adrenergic activity in the heart and vasculature: implications for perioperative medicine (RA) [Zaugg et al.], 429
Adverse events.
See also  Complications; Drug toxicity 
air embolism during intraoperative endoscopic localization and surgical resection for blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (CR) [Holzman et al.], 1279
anaphylaxis during anesthesia in Norway: 6-year single-center follow-up study (CI) [Harboe et al.], 897
bupivacaine spinal block cauda equina syndrome (CO) [Lambert], 1285
diaphragmatic paralysis after endovascular stent grafting of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (CR) [Lecamwasam et al.], 690
endotracheal tube damage during head and neck surgeries as a result of Harmonic Scalpel® use (CO) [Balakrishnan et al.], 870
extramedullary intrathecal catheter granuloma adherent to the conus medullaris presenting as cauda equina syndrome (CR) [Shields et al.], 1059
interference between Extraneal® peritoneal dialysis and the Accu-Chek® blood glucose monitor (CO) [Hoftman], 871
is recall during sedation being confused with recall during general anesthesia? (CO) [Collier], 1070
learning from incidents and near-misses reports (CO) [Haller et al.], 1287
potentially dangerous fracture of the needleless Interlink Vial Access Cannula (CO) [Kohli et al.], 703
why do orthopedic patients have a higher incidence of serious complications after central neuraxial blockade? (CO) [Heller et al.], 1286
Air embolism
during intraoperative endoscopic localization and surgical resection for blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (CR) [Holzman et al.], 1279
Airway management
CobraPLA™ is the perilaryngeal airway (CO) [Alfery], 696
cricoid pressure does not increase the rate of failed intubation by direct laryngoscopy in adults (CI) [Turgeon et al.], 315
endoscopic study of mechanisms of failure of endotracheal tube advancement into the trachea during awake fiberoptic orotracheal intubation (CI) [Johnson et al.], 910
endotracheal tube damage during head and neck surgeries as a result of Harmonic Scalpel® use (CO) [Balakrishnan et al.], 870
evaluation of Seldinger technique emergency cricothyroidotomy vs.  standard surgical cricothyroidotomy in 200 cadavers (CI) [Schaumann et al.], 7
intubating laryngeal mask airway in morbidly obese and lean patients (CI) [Combes et al.], 1106
laryngeal reflex before and after placement of airway interventions: endotracheal tube and Laryngeal Mask Airway™ (CI) [Tanaka et al.], 20
Macintosh laryngoscope blade (CO) [Zauder], 241
Macintosh’s laryngoscope (CO) [Unzueta et al.], 242
rapacuronium preferentially antagonizes the function of M2 vs.  M3 muscarinic receptors in guinea pig airway smooth muscle (LI) [Jooste et al.], 115
retrograde intubation around an in situ Combitube (CR) [Harrison et al.], 1061
use of the laryngeal tube-S™ for airway management and prevention of aspiration after a failed tracheal intubation in a parturient (CO) [Zand et al.], 481
using the Bonfils intubation fiberscope with a double-lumen tracheal tube (CO) [Bein et al.], 1290
Alfentanil
pharmacogenetic determinants of human liver microsomal alfentanil metabolism and role of cytochrome P450 3A5 (JS) [Klees et al.], 550
Allergy
anaphylaxis during anesthesia in Norway: 6-year single-center follow-up study (CI) [Harboe et al.], 897
genetic predisposition to latex allergy (JS) [Brown et al.], 496
management of anaphylactic shock (CO) [Mahajan et al.], 1284
Ambulatory surgery
anesthesia for outpatient surgery: how fast is fast? (CO) [Norris], 694
influence of obesity on surgical regional anesthesia in the ambulatory setting: analysis of 9,038 blocks (PRA) [Nielsen et al.], 181
Amitriptyline
neurotoxicity (CO) [Sawynok], 240
Anaphylaxis
anaphylaxis during anesthesia in Norway: 6-year single-center follow-up study (CI) [Harboe et al.], 897
management of anaphylactic shock (CO) [Mahajan et al.], 1284
Anatomy
cervical spine considerations when anesthetizing patients with Down syndrome (CCC) [Hata et al.], 680
Ellis, Feldman, Harrop-Griffiths, Lawson, Anatomy for Anaesthetists, 8th edition  (EM) [Rorie], 875
Anesthesia machines and circuits
optoacoustic, noninvasive, real-time, continuous monitoring of cerebral blood oxygenation: an in vivo  study in sheep (LI) [Petrov et al.], 69
Anesthesia management
impact of anesthesia management characteristics on severe morbidity and mortality (CI) [Arbous et al.], 257
perioperative mortality: intraoperative anesthetic management matters (EV) [Warner], 251
Anesthesia mechanisms
anesthetic cascade: a theory of how anesthesia suppresses consciousness (SA) [John et al.], 447
volatile anesthetics enhance flash-induced γ oscillations in rat visual cortex (LI) [Imas et al.], 937
Anesthesiology
journal-sponsored activities at the 2005 annual meeting, 256
new continuing medical education program [Todd], 6
special issue on pharmacogenomics and anesthesia: work presented at the 2004 journal symposium (EV) [Kharasch], 493
Aneurysm
diaphragmatic paralysis after endovascular stent grafting of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (CR) [Lecamwasam et al.], 690
Angioplasty
does preoperative coronary angioplasty improve perioperative cardiac outcome? (CI) [Godet et al.], 739
Animal models.
See  Models and modeling 
Anticoagulation
hemodynamic changes after protamine administration: association with mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery (CI) [Welsby et al.], 308
Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study on the efficacy of recombinant human antithrombin in heparin-resistant patients scheduled to undergo cardiac surgery necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass (CI) [Avidan et al.], 276
Antiemetics
droperidol inhibits intracellular Ca2+, myofilament Ca2+sensitivity, and contraction in rat ventricular myocytes (LI) [Shiga et al.], 1165
effect of low-dose droperidol on QT interval during and after general anesthesia (CI) [White et al.], 1101
impact of pharmacogenomics on postoperative nausea and vomiting (JS) [Candiotti et al.], 543
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Antimicrobials
intravenous vs.  nebulized ceftazidime in ventilated piglets with and without experimental bronchopneumonia: comparative effects of helium and nitrogen (LI) [Tonnellier et al.], 995
Antioxidants
antioxidants reverse reduction of the human hypoxic ventilatory response by subanesthetic isoflurane (CI) [Teppema et al.], 747
Antithrombin
Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study on the efficacy of recombinant human antithrombin in heparin-resistant patients scheduled to undergo cardiac surgery necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass (CI) [Avidan et al.], 276
Aorta
diaphragmatic paralysis after endovascular stent grafting of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (CR) [Lecamwasam et al.], 690
early and delayed myocardial infarction after abdominal aortic surgery (CI) [Le Manach et al.], 885
Apgar score
surviving the test of time (CPR) [Finster et al.], 855
Apnea
succinylcholine dosage and apnea-induced hemoglobin desaturation in patients (CI) [Naguib et al.], 35
Apoptosis
endotoxemia-induced lymphocyte apoptosis is augmented by a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (LI) [Nielsen et al.], 768
volatile anesthetics induce caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes in vitro (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
Arrhythmias
anesthesia for patients with congenital long QT syndrome (RA) [Kies et al.], 204
effect of low-dose droperidol on QT interval during and after general anesthesia (CI) [White et al.], 1101
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Aspiration
adequate preoperative fasting and aspiration: factors affecting regurgitation (CO) [Salem et al.], 237
proponents of liberalized fasting guidelines (CO) [Cook-Sather et al.], 236
use of the laryngeal tube-S™ for airway management and prevention of aspiration after a failed tracheal intubation in a parturient (CO) [Zand et al.], 481
B
Benzodiazepines
classic benzodiazepines modulate the open-close equilibrium in α1β2γ2Lγ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (LI) [Rüsch et al.], 783
clinically relevant concentrations of propofol but not midazolam alter in vitro  dendritic development of isolated γ-aminobutyric acid-positive interneurons (LI) [Vutskits et al.], 970
modulation of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor-mediated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in auditory cortex by midazolam and isoflurane (LI) [Verbny et al.], 962
Bispectral Index®
depth of anesthesia monitors and shock (CO) [Lichtor], 1068
effects of Bispectral Index monitoring on recovery from surgical anesthesia in 1,580 inpatients from an academic medical center (CI) [Pavlin et al.], 566
Bleeding
influence of hypovolemia on the electroencephalographic effect of isoflurane in a swine model (LI) [Kurita et al.], 948
pharmacodynamics of propofol during hemorrhagic shock (CO) [Takizawa et al.], 1068
recombinant coagulation Factor VIIa in major liver resection (CI) [Lodge et al.], 269
tranexamic acid reduces intraoperative blood loss in pediatric patients undergoing scoliosis surgery (CI) [Sethna et al.], 727
transcutaneous fluorescence dilution cardiac output and circulating blood volume during hemorrhagic hypovolemia (LI) [Maarek et al.], 774
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
volume turnover kinetics of fluid shifts after hemorrhage, fluid infusion, and the combination of hemorrhage and fluid infusion in sheep (LI) [Norberg et al.], 985
β-Blockers
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
Blood coagulation.
See also  Anticoagulation 
recombinant coagulation Factor VIIa in major liver resection (CI) [Lodge et al.], 269
Blood flow
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
propofol and thiopental do not interfere with regional cerebral blood flow response at sedative concentrations (CI) [Veselis et al.], 26
xenon attenuates cerebral damage after ischemia in pigs (LI) [Schmidt et al.], 929
Blood pressure
heart rate variability predicts severe hypotension after spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery (CI) [Hanss et al.], 1086
predicting hypotension during spinal anesthesia (EV) [Smiley], 1079
terlipressin vs.  norepinephrine to counteract anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients treated with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (CI) [Morelli et al.], 12
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
Blood salvage
intraoperative, effects on leukocyte recruitment to the endothelium (CI) [Nohé et al.], 300
Blood volume
influence of hypovolemia on the electroencephalographic effect of isoflurane in a swine model (LI) [Kurita et al.], 948
transcutaneous fluorescence dilution cardiac output and circulating blood volume during hemorrhagic hypovolemia (LI) [Maarek et al.], 774
volume turnover kinetics of fluid shifts after hemorrhage, fluid infusion, and the combination of hemorrhage and fluid infusion in sheep (LI) [Norberg et al.], 985
Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome
air embolism during intraoperative endoscopic localization and surgical resection for (CR) [Holzman et al.], 1279
Brain function and disease
anesthesia, amnesia, and the amygdala (EV) [Antognini et al.], 711
brain cell damage and S-100B increase after acute lung injury (EV) [Raabe et al.], 713
does the amygdala mediate anesthetic-induced amnesia? (LI) [Alkire et al.], 754
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
modulation of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor-mediated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in auditory cortex by midazolam and isoflurane (LI) [Verbny et al.], 962
nitrous oxide facilitates excitability in rat hippocampal slices through γ-aminobutyric acid A receptor-mediated disinhibition (LR) [Nagashima et al.], 230
opposing actions of etomidate on cortical theta oscillations are mediated by different GABA type A receptor subtypes (LI) [Drexler et al.], 346
optoacoustic, noninvasive, real-time, continuous monitoring of cerebral blood oxygenation: an in vivo  study in sheep (LI) [Petrov et al.], 69
propofol and thiopental do not interfere with regional cerebral blood flow response at sedative concentrations (CI) [Veselis et al.], 26
S-100 protein and neurohistopathologic changes in porcine model of acute lung injury (LI) [Fries et al.], 761
sevoflurane blocks cholinergic synaptic transmission postsynaptically but does not affect short-term potentiation (LI) [Naruo et al.], 920
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
volatile anesthetics enhance flash-induced γ oscillations in rat visual cortex (LI) [Imas et al.], 937
xenon attenuates cerebral damage after ischemia in pigs (LI) [Schmidt et al.], 929
Bupivacaine
differential effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine enantiomers on intracellular Ca2+regulation in murine skeletal muscle fibers (LI) [Zink et al.], 793
effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on exocytotic norepinephrine release from rat atria (LI) [Joseph et al.], 977
long-term exposure to local but not inhalation anesthetics affects neurite regeneration and synapse formation between identified Lymnaea  neurons (LI) [Onizuka et al.], 353
minimum local analgesic doses of ropivacaine, levobupivacaine, and bupivacaine for intrathecal labor analgesia (PRA) [Camorcia et al.], 646
spinal block cauda equina syndrome (CO) [Lambert], 1285
Butorphanol
intravenous butorphanol, meperidine, and their combination relieve pain and distress in women in labor (PRA) [Nelson et al.], 1008
Butyrylcholinesterase
genotyping the butyrylcholinesterase in patients with prolonged neuromuscular block after succinylcholine (JS) [Levano et al.], 531
response to mivacurium in patients carrying the K variant in the butyrylcholinesterase gene (JS) [Gätke et al.], 503
C
Calcium and calcium channels
differential effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine enantiomers on intracellular Ca2+regulation in murine skeletal muscle fibers (LI) [Zink et al.], 793
droperidol inhibits intracellular Ca2+, myofilament Ca2+sensitivity, and contraction in rat ventricular myocytes (LI) [Shiga et al.], 1165
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
ketamine attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction by decreasing myofilament Ca2+sensitivity in pulmonary veins (LI) [Ding et al.], 588
painful nerve injury decreases resting cytosolic calcium concentrations in sensory neurons of rats (PRA) [Fuchs et al.], 1217
Cardioprotection
cardioprotective properties of sevoflurane in patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are related to the modalities of its administration (CO) [Djalali et al.], 699
isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits (LI) [Chiari et al.], 102
remifentanil preconditioning confers cardioprotection via  cardiac κ- and δ-opioid receptors (LI) [Zhang et al.], 371
Cardiopulmonary bypass
cardioprotective properties of sevoflurane in patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are related to the modalities of its administration (CO) [Djalali et al.], 699
does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass? meta-analysis of randomized trials (RA) [Cheng et al.], 188
hemodynamic changes after protamine administration: association with mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery (CI) [Welsby et al.], 308
off-pump coronary artery bypass and the hypothesis from which it grew (EV) [Floyd et al.], 3
Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study on the efficacy of recombinant human antithrombin in heparin-resistant patients scheduled to undergo cardiac surgery necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass (CI) [Avidan et al.], 276
Cardiovascular surgery
cardioprotective properties of sevoflurane in patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are related to the modalities of its administration (CO) [Djalali et al.], 699
diaphragmatic paralysis after endovascular stent grafting of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (CR) [Lecamwasam et al.], 690
does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass? meta-analysis of randomized trials (RA) [Cheng et al.], 188
does preoperative coronary angioplasty improve perioperative cardiac outcome? (CI) [Godet et al.], 739
early and delayed myocardial infarction after abdominal aortic surgery (CI) [Le Manach et al.], 885
hemodynamic changes after protamine administration: association with mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery (CI) [Welsby et al.], 308
Leung, Cardiac and Vascular Anesthesia: The Requisites in Anesthesiology  (EM) [Stone], 1293
off-pump coronary artery bypass and the hypothesis from which it grew (EV) [Floyd et al.], 3
Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study on the efficacy of recombinant human antithrombin in heparin-resistant patients scheduled to undergo cardiac surgery necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass (CI) [Avidan et al.], 276
Carotid body
effect of propofol on carotid body chemosensitivity and cholinergic chemotransduction (LI) [Jonsson et al.], 110
Catheters
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
extramedullary intrathecal catheter granuloma adherent to the conus medullaris presenting as cauda equina syndrome (CR) [Shields et al.], 1059
intrathecal catheter tip inflammatory mass: failure of clonidine to protect (CR) [Toombs et al.], 687
Cauda equina syndrome
bupivacaine spinal block and (CO) [Lambert], 1285
Ceftazidime
intravenous vs.  nebulized ceftazidime in ventilated piglets with and without experimental bronchopneumonia: comparative effects of helium and nitrogen (LI) [Tonnellier et al.], 995
Cell and tissue culture
clinically relevant concentrations of propofol but not midazolam alter in vitro  dendritic development of isolated γ-aminobutyric acid-positive interneurons (LI) [Vutskits et al.], 970
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
Cerebral blood flow
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
propofol and thiopental do not interfere with regional cerebral blood flow response at sedative concentrations (CI) [Veselis et al.], 26
Cerebrospinal fluid
central nervous system concentrations of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in humans (PRA) [Dembo et al.], 409
continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in relation to motor evoked potentials during spinal cord ischemia in pigs (LI) [Lips et al.], 340
effects of epidural saline injection on cerebrospinal fluid volume and velocity waveform: MRI study (CI) [Higuchi et al.], 285
Cervical spine
avoid excessive sedation during cervical injections (CO) [Gajraj], 869
cervical spine considerations when anesthetizing patients with Down syndrome (CCC) [Hata et al.], 680
Cholinesterase
pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of mivacurium in patients phenotypically homozygous for the atypical plasma cholinesterase variant (CI) [Østergaard et al.], 1124
Clinical trials
cricoid pressure does not increase the rate of failed intubation by direct laryngoscopy in adults (CI) [Turgeon et al.], 315
does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass? meta-analysis of randomized trials (RA) [Cheng et al.], 188
effect of low-dose droperidol on QT interval during and after general anesthesia (CI) [White et al.], 1101
effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on rehabilitation and pain after hip fracture surgery (PRA) [Foss et al.], 1197
Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study on the efficacy of recombinant human antithrombin in heparin-resistant patients scheduled to undergo cardiac surgery necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass (CI) [Avidan et al.], 276
preoxygenation is more effective in 25° head-up position than in supine position in severely obese patients (CI) [Dixon et al.], 1110
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
randomized, double-blind study of the analgesic efficacy of morphine-6-glucuronide vs.  morphine sulfate for postoperative pain in major surgery (PRA) [Hanna et al.], 815
randomized controlled trial to evaluation S-Caine Patch™ for reducing pain associated with vascular access in children (PRA) [Sethna et al.], 403
recombinant coagulation Factor VIIa in major liver resection (CI) [Lodge et al.], 269
sevoflurane vs.  halothane: postoperative maladaptive behavioral changes (CI) [Kain et al.], 720
Clonidine
α2-adrenoceptor activation by clonidine enhances stimulation-evoked acetylcholine release from spinal cord tissue after nerve ligation in rats (PRA) [Obata et al.], 657
epidural administration of neostigmine and clonidine to induce labor analgesia (PRA) [Roelants et al.], 1205
intrathecal catheter tip inflammatory mass: failure of clonidine to protect (CR) [Toombs et al.], 687
Cognitive function
anesthesia, amnesia, and the amygdala (EV) [Antognini et al.], 711
does the amygdala mediate anesthetic-induced amnesia? (LI) [Alkire et al.], 754
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
no evidence of memory function during anesthesia with propofol or isoflurane with close control of hypnotic state (CI) [Kerssens et al.], 57
sevoflurane vs.  halothane: postoperative maladaptive behavioral changes (CI) [Kain et al.], 720
Colorectal surgery
type 2 diabetes mellitus and the catabolic response to surgery (CI) [Schricker et al.], 320
Complex regional pain syndrome
in children and adolescents (EV) [Berde et al.], 251
continuous peripheral nerve blocks at home for treatment of recurrent complex regional pain syndrome I in children (PRA) [Dadure et al.], 387
stellate ganglion blockade for acute postoperative upper extremity pain (CO) [Kakazu et al.], 1286
Complications
air embolism during intraoperative endoscopic localization and surgical resection for blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (CR) [Holzman et al.], 1279
anaphylaxis during anesthesia in Norway: 6-year single-center follow-up study (CI) [Harboe et al.], 897
bupivacaine spinal block cauda equina syndrome (CO) [Lambert], 1285
diaphragmatic paralysis after endovascular stent grafting of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (CR) [Lecamwasam et al.], 690
endotracheal tube damage during head and neck surgeries as a result of Harmonic Scalpel® use (CO) [Balakrishnan et al.], 870
epidural hematoma after epidural steroid injection in a patient withholding enoxaparin per guidelines (CO) [Ain et al.], 701
extramedullary intrathecal catheter granuloma adherent to the conus medullaris presenting as cauda equina syndrome (CR) [Shields et al.], 1059
intrathecal catheter tip inflammatory mass: failure of clonidine to protect (CR) [Toombs et al.], 687
learning from incidents and near-misses reports (CO) [Haller et al.], 1287
metabolic acidosis due to propofol infusion (CO) [Farag et al.], 697
potentially dangerous fracture of the needleless Interlink Vial Access Cannula (CO) [Kohli et al.], 703
respiratory distress after a deep cervical plexus block (CO) [D’Honneur et al.], 1070
severe bronchospasm after parenteral parecoxib (CR) [Looney et al.], 473
tramadol and vocal cord closure (CR) [Fodale et al.], 227
why do orthopedic patients have a higher incidence of serious complications after central neuraxial blockade? (CO) [Heller et al.], 1286
Computed tomography (CT)
effect of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on development of atelectasis during anesthesia, examined by spiral CT (CI) [Andersson et al.], 293
Continuing medical education (CME)
Anesthesiology’s  new program for [Todd], 6
does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass? meta-analysis of randomized trials (RA) [Cheng et al.], 188
Gerard W. Ostheimer “What’s New in Obstetric Anesthesia” lecture (SA) [Tsen], 672
impact of anesthesia management characteristics on severe morbidity and mortality (CI) [Arbous et al.], 257
instructions for obtaining journal CME credit, 249, 491, 709, 877, 1077, 1295
perioperative acupuncture and related techniques (RA) [Chernyak et al.], 1031
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
pulmonary atelectasis (RA) [Duggan et al.], 838
Coronary circulation and myocardial ischemia
comparative cardiac effects of terlipressin, vasopressin, and norepinephrine on an isolated perfused rabbit heart (LI) [Ouattara et al.], 85
does preoperative coronary angioplasty improve perioperative cardiac outcome? (CI) [Godet et al.], 739
early and delayed myocardial infarction after abdominal aortic surgery (CI) [Le Manach et al.], 885
inhibitory effects of lidocaine and mexiletine on vasorelaxation mediated by adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+channels and the role of kinases in the porcine coronary artery (LI) [Kimoto et al.], 581
Corticosteroids
avoid excessive sedation during cervical injections (CO) [Gajraj], 869
epidural hematoma after epidural steroid injection in a patient withholding enoxaparin per guidelines (CO) [Ain et al.], 701
spinal glucocorticoid receptors contribute to the development of morphine tolerance in rats (PRA) [Lim et al.], 832
Cricothyroidotomy
evaluation of Seldinger technique emergency cricothyroidotomy vs.  standard surgical cricothyroidotomy in 200 cadavers (CI) [Schaumann et al.], 7
Critical care
Dunn, Simulators in Critical Care and Beyond  (EM) [Manser], 1072
Hillman, Bishop, Clinical Intensive Care and Acute Medicine, 2nd edition  (EM) [Nemergut], 705
remifentanil in ICU: tolerance and acute withdrawal syndrome after prolonged sedation (CR) [Delvaux et al.], 1281
Society of Neurosurgical Anesthesia and Critical Care Scientific Meeting, 2004 (RSM) [de Lange], 1074
Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors
central nervous system concentrations in humans (PRA) [Dembo et al.], 409
severe bronchospasm after parenteral parecoxib (CR) [Looney et al.], 473
Cytokines
genetic predisposition to latex allergy: role of IL13  and IL18  (JS) [Brown et al.], 496
D
Depth of anesthesia
depth of anesthesia monitors and shock (CO) [Lichtor], 1068
Desflurane
awakening concentration of desflurane is decreased in patients with obstructive jaundice (CI) [Song et al.], 562
volatile anesthetics induce caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes in vitro (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
Dexmedetomidine
case series or uncontrolled clinical study? (CO) [Mychaskiw et al.], 1066
developmental age influences effect of epidural dexmedetomidine on inflammatory hyperalgesia in rat pups (PRA) [Walker et al.], 1226
Diabetes mellitus
effects of metoclopramide on gastric fluid volumes in diabetic patients who have fasted before elective surgery (CI) [Jellish et al.], 904
interference between Extraneal® peritoneal dialysis and the Accu-Chek® blood glucose monitor (CO) [Hoftman], 871
type 2 diabetes mellitus and the catabolic response to surgery (CI) [Schricker et al.], 320
Diaphragm
diaphragmatic paralysis after endovascular stent grafting of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (CR) [Lecamwasam et al.], 690
transesophageal diaphragmatic pacing for treatment of persistent hiccups (CO) [Andres et al.], 483
Down syndrome
cervical spine considerations when anesthetizing patients with (CCC) [Hata et al.], 680
Droperidol
inhibition of intracellular Ca2+, myofilament Ca2+sensitivity, and contraction in rat ventricular myocytes by (LI) [Shiga et al.], 1165
low-dose, effect on QT interval during and after general anesthesia (CI) [White et al.], 1101
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Drug delivery
cardioprotective properties of sevoflurane in patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are related to the modalities of its administration (CO) [Djalali et al.], 699
variability of target-controlled infusion is less than the variability after bolus injection (PRA) [Hu et al.], 639
Drug toxicity
amitriptyline neurotoxicity (CO) [Sawynok], 240
effects of NSAIDs on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects (RA) [Marret et al.], 1249
epidural hematoma after epidural steroid injection in a patient withholding enoxaparin per guidelines (CO) [Ain et al.], 701
GW280430A: pharmacodynamics and potential adverse effects (CO) [Lien et al.], 861
metabolic acidosis due to propofol infusion (CO) [Farag et al.], 697
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
remifentanil in ICU: tolerance and acute withdrawal syndrome after prolonged sedation (CR) [Delvaux et al.], 1281
severe bronchospasm after parenteral parecoxib (CR) [Looney et al.], 473
tolerance to miotic effects of opioids (CO) [Kollars et al.], 701
tramadol and vocal cord closure (CR) [Fodale et al.], 227
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
onset and duration of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in patients with (CI) [Wick et al.], 915
E
Original Investigations
estimating incidence of prolonged turnover times and delays by time of day (EC) [Dexter et al.], 1242
Editorial views
anesthesia, amnesia, and the amygdala (EV) [Antognini et al.], 711
anesthesia and the Human Genome Project (EV) [Allen], 494
brain cell damage and S-100B increase after acute lung injury (EV) [Raabe et al.], 713
complex regional pain syndromes in children and adolescents (EV) [Berde et al.], 251
fast Fourier transforms as prophecy: predicting hypotension during spinal anesthesia (EV) [Smiley], 1079
immediate early genes after pulsed radiofrequency treatment (EV) [Richebé et al.], 1
off-pump coronary artery bypass and the hypothesis from which it grew (EV) [Floyd et al.], 3
perioperative mortality: intraoperative anesthetic management matters (EV) [Warner], 251
postoperative opioid sparing to hasten recovery (EV) [Kehlet], 1083
preoperative smoking cessation (EV) [Warner], 883
special issue on pharmacogenomics and anesthesia: work presented at the 2004 journal symposium (EV) [Kharasch], 493
strategies to reduce cardiac risk in noncardiac surgery (EV) [Fleisher], 881
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Electrocardiography (ECG)
effect of low-dose droperidol on QT interval during and after general anesthesia (CI) [White et al.], 1101
pacemaker and ECG monitor pseudomalfunction during extracardiac radiofrequency ablation (CO) [Rozner], 239
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Electroencephalography
influence of hypovolemia on the electroencephalographic effect of isoflurane in a swine model (LI) [Kurita et al.], 948
Emergencies
evaluation of Seldinger technique emergency cricothyroidotomy vs.  standard surgical cricothyroidotomy in 200 cadavers (CI) [Schaumann et al.], 7
Endoscopy
air embolism during intraoperative endoscopic localization and surgical resection for blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (CR) [Holzman et al.], 1279
endoscopic study of mechanisms of failure of endotracheal tube advancement into the trachea during awake fiberoptic orotracheal intubation (CI) [Johnson et al.], 910
simple and effective technique to increase oxygenation for patients with nasal cannulae during upper endoscopy (CO) [Tse et al.], 484
Endothelium.
See  Vascular physiology and pharmacology 
Endotoxemia
endotoxemia-induced lymphocyte apoptosis is augmented by a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (LI) [Nielsen et al.], 768
Enflurane
weak polar interactions confer albumin binding site selectivity for haloether anesthetics (LI) [Liu et al.], 799
Enoxaparin
epidural hematoma after epidural steroid injection in a patient withholding enoxaparin per guidelines (CO) [Ain et al.], 701
Epidural anesthesia and analgesia
can epidurography help to predict the extent of epidural blockade? (CO) [Marret et al.], 478
developmental age influences effect of epidural dexmedetomidine on inflammatory hyperalgesia in rat pups (PRA) [Walker et al.], 1226
disadvantages of ultrasound guidance in caudal epidural needle placement (CO) [Huang], 693
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on rehabilitation and pain after hip fracture surgery (PRA) [Foss et al.], 1197
effects of epidural saline injection on cerebrospinal fluid volume and velocity waveform: MRI study (CI) [Higuchi et al.], 285
efficacy and safety of epidural opioids for postoperative analgesia (CPR) [Chestnut], 221
epidural administration of neostigmine and clonidine to induce labor analgesia (PRA) [Roelants et al.], 1205
epidural hematoma after epidural steroid injection in a patient withholding enoxaparin per guidelines (CO) [Ain et al.], 701
forty-eight hours of postoperative pain relief after total hip arthroplasty with a novel, extended-release epidural morphine formulation (PRA) [Viscusi et al.], 1014
nitroglycerin to facilitate insertion of a labor epidural (CO) [Carvalho], 872
ultrasound-guided caudal epidural injection (CO) [Edward], 693
Equipment and technology
CobraPLA™ is the perilaryngeal airway (CO) [Alfery], 696
endotracheal tube damage during head and neck surgeries as a result of Harmonic Scalpel® use (CO) [Balakrishnan et al.], 870
interference between Extraneal® peritoneal dialysis and the Accu-Chek® blood glucose monitor (CO) [Hoftman], 871
Macintosh laryngoscope blade (CO) [Zauder], 241
Macintosh’s laryngoscope (CO) [Unzueta et al.], 242
novel system for complete removal of secretions within the endotracheal tube: Mucus Shaver (LR) [Kolobow et al.], 1063
potentially dangerous fracture of the needleless Interlink Vial Access Cannula (CO) [Kohli et al.], 703
using the Bonfils intubation fiberscope with a double-lumen tracheal tube (CO) [Bein et al.], 1290
Esmolol
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
Etomidate
opposing actions of etomidate on cortical theta oscillations are mediated by different GABA type A receptor subtypes (LI) [Drexler et al.], 346
Evoked potentials
continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in relation to motor evoked potentials during spinal cord ischemia in pigs (LI) [Lips et al.], 340
tetanic stimulation of peripheral nerve before transcranial electrical stimulation can enlarge amplitudes of myogenic motor evoked potentials during general anesthesia with neuromuscular blockade (CI) [Kakimoto et al.], 733
volatile anesthetics enhance flash-induced γ oscillations in rat visual cortex (LI) [Imas et al.], 937
Eye
tolerance to miotic effects of opioids (CO) [Kollars et al.], 701
F
Fasting, preoperative
adequate preoperative fasting and aspiration: factors affecting regurgitation (CO) [Salem et al.], 237
effects of metoclopramide on gastric fluid volumes in diabetic patients who have fasted before elective surgery (CI) [Jellish et al.], 904
proponents of liberalized fasting guidelines (CO) [Cook-Sather et al.], 236
Fluids and electrolytes
air venting and in-line intravenous fluid warming for pediatrics (CO) [Avula et al.], 1290
volume turnover kinetics of fluid shifts after hemorrhage, fluid infusion, and the combination of hemorrhage and fluid infusion in sheep (LI) [Norberg et al.], 985
G
GABA and GABA receptors
classic benzodiazepines modulate the open-close equilibrium in α1β2γ2Lγ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (LI) [Rüsch et al.], 783
clinically relevant concentrations of propofol but not midazolam alter in vitro  dendritic development of isolated γ-aminobutyric acid-positive interneurons (LI) [Vutskits et al.], 970
modulation of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor-mediated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in auditory cortex by midazolam and isoflurane (LI) [Verbny et al.], 962
nitrous oxide facilitates excitability in rat hippocampal slices through γ-aminobutyric acid A receptor-mediated disinhibition (LR) [Nagashima et al.], 230
opposing actions of etomidate on cortical theta oscillations are mediated by different GABA type A receptor subtypes (LI) [Drexler et al.], 346
Gabapentin
gabapentin normalizes spinal neuronal responses that correlate with behavior in a rat model of cancer-induced bone pain (PRA) [Donovan-Rodriguez et al.], 132
Gastrointestinal function and disease
air embolism during intraoperative endoscopic localization and surgical resection for blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (CR) [Holzman et al.], 1279
effects of metoclopramide on gastric fluid volumes in diabetic patients who have fasted before elective surgery (CI) [Jellish et al.], 904
Genetics
anesthesia and the Human Genome Project (EV) [Allen], 494
effect of α2B-adrenoceptor polymorphism on peripheral vasoconstriction in healthy volunteers (JS) [Talke et al.], 536
effect of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor ε1subunit gene disruption on the action of general anesthetic drugs in mice (JS) [Sato et al.], 557
genetic modulation of adrenergic activity in the heart and vasculature: implications for perioperative medicine (RA) [Zaugg et al.], 429
genetic predisposition to latex allergy (JS) [Brown et al.], 496
genotyping the butyrylcholinesterase in patients with prolonged neuromuscular block after succinylcholine (JS) [Levano et al.], 531
immediate early genes after pulsed radiofrequency treatment (EV) [Richebé et al.], 1
impact of pharmacogenomics on postoperative nausea and vomiting (JS) [Candiotti et al.], 543
increased sensitivity to thermal pain and reduced subcutaneous lidocaine efficacy in redheads (JS) [Liem et al.], 509
pharmacogenetic determinants of human liver microsomal alfentanil metabolism and role of cytochrome P450 3A5 (JS) [Klees et al.], 550
pharmacogenetics of anesthetic and analgesic agents (RA) [Palmer et al.], 663
pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of mivacurium in patients phenotypically homozygous for the atypical plasma cholinesterase variant (CI) [Østergaard et al.], 1124
polymorphism of μ-opioid receptor gene does not protect against opioid-induced respiratory depression despite reduced analgesic response (JS) [Romberg et al.], 522
response to mivacurium in patients carrying the K variant in the butyrylcholinesterase gene (JS) [Gätke et al.], 503
screening of the entire ryanodine receptor type 1 coding region for sequence variants associated with malignant hyperthermia susceptibility in North American population (JS) [Sambuughin et al.], 515
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
Glucose
endotoxemia-induced lymphocyte apoptosis is augmented by a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (LI) [Nielsen et al.], 768
interference between Extraneal® peritoneal dialysis and the Accu-Chek® blood glucose monitor (CO) [Hoftman], 871
Glutamate and glutamate receptors
in clinical practice, coadministration of sevoflurane or propofol could antagonize remifentanil stimulation of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptors (CO) [Fodale et al.], 695
effect of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor ε1subunit gene disruption on the action of general anesthetic drugs in mice (JS) [Sato et al.], 557
effects of remifentanil on N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor: electrophysiological study in rat spinal cord (PRA) [Guntz et al.], 1235
GW280430A
GW280430A (CO) [Geldner et al.], 861
pharmacodynamics and potential adverse effects (CO) [Lien et al.], 861
H
Halothane
effects of halothane and isoflurane on hyperexcitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons after incision in the rat (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 165
halothane and isoflurane do not directly interact with cardiac cross-bridge function (LI) [Vivien et al.], 364
sevoflurane vs.  halothane: postoperative maladaptive behavioral changes (CI) [Kain et al.], 720
Head and neck surgery
determination of duration of preoperative smoking cessation to improve wound healing after head and neck surgery (CI) [Kuri et al.], 892
endotracheal tube damage during head and neck surgeries as a result of Harmonic Scalpel® use (CO) [Balakrishnan et al.], 870
preoperative smoking cessation (EV) [Warner], 883
Head injury
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
Heart function and disease
anesthesia for patients with congenital long QT syndrome (RA) [Kies et al.], 204
comparative cardiac effects of terlipressin, vasopressin, and norepinephrine on an isolated perfused rabbit heart (LI) [Ouattara et al.], 85
droperidol inhibits intracellular Ca2+, myofilament Ca2+sensitivity, and contraction in rat ventricular myocytes (LI) [Shiga et al.], 1165
early and delayed myocardial infarction after abdominal aortic surgery (CI) [Le Manach et al.], 885
effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on exocytotic norepinephrine release from rat atria (LI) [Joseph et al.], 977
genetic modulation of adrenergic activity in the heart and vasculature: implications for perioperative medicine (RA) [Zaugg et al.], 429
halothane and isoflurane do not directly interact with cardiac cross-bridge function (LI) [Vivien et al.], 364
heart rate variability predicts severe hypotension after spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery (CI) [Hanss et al.], 1086
isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits (LI) [Chiari et al.], 102
ketamine preconditions isolated human right atrial myocardium (LI) [Hanouz et al.], 1190
pacemaker and ECG monitor pseudomalfunction during extracardiac radiofrequency ablation (CO) [Rozner], 239
predicting hypotension during spinal anesthesia (EV) [Smiley], 1079
remifentanil preconditioning confers cardioprotection via  cardiac κ- and δ-opioid receptors (LI) [Zhang et al.], 371
selective thromboxane A2synthase inhibition by OKY-046 prevents cardiopulmonary dysfunction after ovine smoke inhalation injury (LI) [Westphal et al.], 954
strategies to reduce cardiac risk in noncardiac surgery (EV) [Fleisher], 881
transcutaneous fluorescence dilution cardiac output and circulating blood volume during hemorrhagic hypovolemia (LI) [Maarek et al.], 774
Hematoma
epidural hematoma after epidural steroid injection in a patient withholding enoxaparin per guidelines (CO) [Ain et al.], 701
Hemodynamics
hemodynamic changes after protamine administration: association with mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery (CI) [Welsby et al.], 308
terlipressin vs.  norepinephrine to counteract anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients treated with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (CI) [Morelli et al.], 12
transcutaneous fluorescence dilution cardiac output and circulating blood volume during hemorrhagic hypovolemia (LI) [Maarek et al.], 774
Hemoglobin
succinylcholine dosage and apnea-induced hemoglobin desaturation in patients (CI) [Naguib et al.], 35
Heparin
hemodynamic changes after protamine administration: association with mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery (CI) [Welsby et al.], 308
Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study on the efficacy of recombinant human antithrombin in heparin-resistant patients scheduled to undergo cardiac surgery necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass (CI) [Avidan et al.], 276
Hiccups
transesophageal diaphragmatic pacing for treatment of persistent hiccups (CO) [Andres et al.], 483
Hip surgery
effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on rehabilitation and pain after hip fracture surgery (PRA) [Foss et al.], 1197
forty-eight hours of postoperative pain relief after total hip arthroplasty with a novel, extended-release epidural morphine formulation (PRA) [Viscusi et al.], 1014
History
the Apgar score has survived the test of time (CPR) [Finster et al.], 855
assessing the past and shaping the future of anesthesiology: the 43rd Rovenstine Lecture (SA) [Modell], 1050
efficacy and safety of epidural opioids for postoperative analgesia (CPR) [Chestnut], 221
Human Genome Project.
See also  Genetics; Pharmacogenomics 
anesthesia and (EV) [Allen], 494
Hypotension
heart rate variability predicts severe hypotension after spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery (CI) [Hanss et al.], 1086
predicting during spinal anesthesia (EV) [Smiley], 1079
terlipressin vs.  norepinephrine to counteract anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients treated with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (CI) [Morelli et al.], 12
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
Hypoxia
antioxidants reverse reduction of the human hypoxic ventilatory response by subanesthetic isoflurane (CI) [Teppema et al.], 747
I
Imaging and radiology
anesthesia-compatible MRI (CO) [Miyasaka et al.], 235
“bayonet artifact” during ultrasound-guided transarterial axillary block (CO) [Gray et al.], 1291
disadvantages of ultrasound guidance in caudal epidural needle placement (CO) [Huang], 693
effect of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on development of atelectasis during anesthesia, examined by spiral CT (CI) [Andersson et al.], 293
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
effects of epidural saline injection on cerebrospinal fluid volume and velocity waveform: MRI study (CI) [Higuchi et al.], 285
sonographic localization of an implanted infusion pump injection port (CO) [Greher et al.], 243
ultrasound-guided caudal epidural injection (CO) [Edward], 693
Immunology and inflammation
developmental age influences effect of epidural dexmedetomidine on inflammatory hyperalgesia in rat pups (PRA) [Walker et al.], 1226
endotoxemia-induced lymphocyte apoptosis is augmented by a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (LI) [Nielsen et al.], 768
involvement of adenosine in antiinflammatory action of ketamine (LI) [Mazar et al.], 1174
volatile anesthetics induce caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes in vitro (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
Infection
electronic nose prediction of a clinical pneumonia score: biosensors and microbes (CI) [Hanson et al.], 63
intravenous vs.  nebulized ceftazidime in ventilated piglets with and without experimental bronchopneumonia: comparative effects of helium and nitrogen (LI) [Tonnellier et al.], 995
Inhalation anesthesia and anesthetics
action of isoflurane on substantia gelatinosa neurons of adult rat spinal cord (LI) [Wakai et al.], 379
antioxidants reverse reduction of the human hypoxic ventilatory response by subanesthetic isoflurane (CI) [Teppema et al.], 747
awakening concentration of desflurane is decreased in patients with obstructive jaundice (CI) [Song et al.], 562
cardioprotective properties of sevoflurane in patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are related to the modalities of its administration (CO) [Djalali et al.], 699
in clinical practice, coadministration of sevoflurane or propofol could antagonize remifentanil stimulation of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptors (CO) [Fodale et al.], 695
does the amygdala mediate anesthetic-induced amnesia? (LI) [Alkire et al.], 754
drastic increase in isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration and limb movement forces after thoracic spinal cooling and chronic spinal transection in rats (LI) [Jinks et al.], 624
effects of halothane and isoflurane on hyperexcitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons after incision in the rat (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 165
halothane and isoflurane do not directly interact with cardiac cross-bridge function (LI) [Vivien et al.], 364
influence of hypovolemia on the electroencephalographic effect of isoflurane in a swine model (LI) [Kurita et al.], 948
isoflurane modulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (LI) [Yamashita et al.], 76
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits (LI) [Chiari et al.], 102
modulation of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor-mediated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in auditory cortex by midazolam and isoflurane (LI) [Verbny et al.], 962
no evidence of memory function during anesthesia with propofol or isoflurane with close control of hypnotic state (CI) [Kerssens et al.], 57
opposing effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on neurogenic pulmonary edema development in rat (LI) [Kandatsu et al.], 1182
sevoflurane blocks cholinergic synaptic transmission postsynaptically but does not affect short-term potentiation (LI) [Naruo et al.], 920
sevoflurane vs.  halothane: postoperative maladaptive behavioral changes (CI) [Kain et al.], 720
volatile anesthetics enhance flash-induced γ oscillations in rat visual cortex (LI) [Imas et al.], 937
volatile anesthetics induce caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes in vitro (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
weak polar interactions confer albumin binding site selectivity for haloether anesthetics (LI) [Liu et al.], 799
Insulin
endotoxemia-induced lymphocyte apoptosis is augmented by a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (LI) [Nielsen et al.], 768
Interleukins
genetic predisposition to latex allergy: role of IL13  and IL18  (JS) [Brown et al.], 496
Internal jugular vein
transpharyngeal ultrasonography for cannulation of the internal jugular vein (CO) [Bevilacqua et al.], 873
Intrathecal anesthesia.
See  Spinal anesthesia and analgesia 
Intravenous anesthesia and anesthetics
case series or uncontrolled clinical study? (CO) [Mychaskiw et al.], 1066
in clinical practice, coadministration of sevoflurane or propofol could antagonize remifentanil stimulation of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptors (CO) [Fodale et al.], 695
clinically relevant concentrations of propofol but not midazolam alter in vitro  dendritic development of isolated γ-aminobutyric acid-positive interneurons (LI) [Vutskits et al.], 970
effect of propofol on carotid body chemosensitivity and cholinergic chemotransduction (LI) [Jonsson et al.], 110
facilitation of serotonergic activity and amnesia in rats caused by intravenous anesthetics (LI) [Semba et al.], 616
human kidneys play an important role in the elimination of propofol (CI) [Takizawa et al.], 327
intravenous butorphanol, meperidine, and their combination relieve pain and distress in women in labor (PRA) [Nelson et al.], 1008
intravenous lidocaine relieves spinal cord injury pain (PRA) [Finnerup et al.], 1023
intravenous vs.  nebulized ceftazidime in ventilated piglets with and without experimental bronchopneumonia: comparative effects of helium and nitrogen (LI) [Tonnellier et al.], 995
metabolic acidosis due to propofol infusion (CO) [Farag et al.], 697
no evidence of memory function during anesthesia with propofol or isoflurane with close control of hypnotic state (CI) [Kerssens et al.], 57
propofol and sleep (CO) [Ward], 481
propofol and thiopental do not interfere with regional cerebral blood flow response at sedative concentrations (CI) [Veselis et al.], 26
variability of target-controlled infusion is less than the variability after bolus injection (PRA) [Hu et al.], 639
Intubation.
See also  Airway management 
cricoid pressure does not increase the rate of failed intubation by direct laryngoscopy in adults (CI) [Turgeon et al.], 315
endoscopic study of mechanisms of failure of endotracheal tube advancement into the trachea during awake fiberoptic orotracheal intubation (CI) [Johnson et al.], 910
endotracheal tube damage during head and neck surgeries as a result of Harmonic Scalpel® use (CO) [Balakrishnan et al.], 870
intubating laryngeal mask airway in morbidly obese and lean patients (CI) [Combes et al.], 1106
laryngeal reflex before and after placement of airway interventions: endotracheal tube and Laryngeal Mask Airway™ (CI) [Tanaka et al.], 20
novel system for complete removal of secretions within the endotracheal tube: Mucus Shaver (LR) [Kolobow et al.], 1063
postextubation laryngospasm in a patient with spasmodic dysphonia (CR) [Capacchione et al.], 859
retrograde intubation around an in situ Combitube (CR) [Harrison et al.], 1061
use of the laryngeal tube-S™ for airway management and prevention of aspiration after a failed tracheal intubation in a parturient (CO) [Zand et al.], 481
using the Bonfils intubation fiberscope with a double-lumen tracheal tube (CO) [Bein et al.], 1290
Ions and ion channels
differential effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine enantiomers on intracellular Ca2+regulation in murine skeletal muscle fibers (LI) [Zink et al.], 793
droperidol inhibits intracellular Ca2+, myofilament Ca2+sensitivity, and contraction in rat ventricular myocytes (LI) [Shiga et al.], 1165
inhibitory effects of lidocaine and mexiletine on vasorelaxation mediated by adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+channels and the role of kinases in the porcine coronary artery (LI) [Kimoto et al.], 581
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
ketamine attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction by decreasing myofilament Ca2+sensitivity in pulmonary veins (LI) [Ding et al.], 588
molecular mechanisms underlying ketamine-mediated inhibition of sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels (LI) [Kawano et al.], 93
Ischemia and reperfusion
continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in relation to motor evoked potentials during spinal cord ischemia in pigs (LI) [Lips et al.], 340
isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits (LI) [Chiari et al.], 102
myocardial (See  Coronary circulation and myocardial ischemia  )
xenon attenuates cerebral damage after ischemia in pigs (LI) [Schmidt et al.], 929
Isoflurane
action of isoflurane on substantia gelatinosa neurons of adult rat spinal cord (LI) [Wakai et al.], 379
antioxidants reverse reduction of the human hypoxic ventilatory response by subanesthetic isoflurane (CI) [Teppema et al.], 747
drastic increase in isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration and limb movement forces after thoracic spinal cooling and chronic spinal transection in rats (LI) [Jinks et al.], 624
effects of halothane and isoflurane on hyperexcitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons after incision in the rat (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 165
halothane and isoflurane do not directly interact with cardiac cross-bridge function (LI) [Vivien et al.], 364
influence of hypovolemia on the electroencephalographic effect of isoflurane in a swine model (LI) [Kurita et al.], 948
isoflurane modulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (LI) [Yamashita et al.], 76
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits (LI) [Chiari et al.], 102
modulation of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor-mediated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in auditory cortex by midazolam and isoflurane (LI) [Verbny et al.], 962
no evidence of memory function during anesthesia with propofol or isoflurane with close control of hypnotic state (CI) [Kerssens et al.], 57
opposing effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on neurogenic pulmonary edema development in rat (LI) [Kandatsu et al.], 1182
volatile anesthetics induce caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes in vitro (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
weak polar interactions confer albumin binding site selectivity for haloether anesthetics (LI) [Liu et al.], 799
K
Ketamine
involvement of adenosine in antiinflammatory action of (LI) [Mazar et al.], 1174
ketamine attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction by decreasing myofilament Ca2+sensitivity in pulmonary veins (LI) [Ding et al.], 588
ketamine for perioperative pain management (CCC) [Himmelseher et al.], 211
ketamine improves the management of exaggerated postoperative pain observed in perioperative fentanyl-treated rats (PRA) [Richebé et al.], 421
ketamine preconditions isolated human right atrial myocardium (LI) [Hanouz et al.], 1190
molecular mechanisms underlying ketamine-mediated inhibition of sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels (LI) [Kawano et al.], 93
Ketoprofen
median effective dose of nefopam and ketoprofen in postoperative patients (PRA) [Delage et al.], 1211
Kidney function and disease
human kidneys play an important role in the elimination of propofol (CI) [Takizawa et al.], 327
isoflurane modulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (LI) [Yamashita et al.], 76
L
Labor and delivery
the Apgar score has survived the test of time (CPR) [Finster et al.], 855
Chestnut, Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice, 3rd edition  (EM) [Bocquet-Lecinq et al.], 875
comparison of median effective doses of intrathecal levobupivacaine and ropivacaine for labor analgesia (PRA) [Sia et al.], 651
epidural administration of neostigmine and clonidine to induce labor analgesia (PRA) [Roelants et al.], 1205
Gerard W. Ostheimer “What’s New in Obstetric Anesthesia” lecture (SA) [Tsen], 672
heart rate variability predicts severe hypotension after spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery (CI) [Hanss et al.], 1086
intravenous butorphanol, meperidine, and their combination relieve pain and distress in women in labor (PRA) [Nelson et al.], 1008
minimum local analgesic doses of ropivacaine, levobupivacaine, and bupivacaine for intrathecal labor analgesia (PRA) [Camorcia et al.], 646
nitroglycerin to facilitate insertion of a labor epidural (CO) [Carvalho], 872
predicting hypotension during spinal anesthesia (EV) [Smiley], 1079
Laryngeal function
laryngeal reflex before and after placement of airway interventions: endotracheal tube and Laryngeal Mask Airway™ (CI) [Tanaka et al.], 20
postextubation laryngospasm in a patient with spasmodic dysphonia (CR) [Capacchione et al.], 859
Laryngeal Mask Airway™
intubating laryngeal mask airway in morbidly obese and lean patients (CI) [Combes et al.], 1106
laryngeal reflex before and after placement of airway interventions: endotracheal tube and Laryngeal Mask Airway™ (CI) [Tanaka et al.], 20
Laryngoscopy
cricoid pressure does not increase the rate of failed intubation by direct laryngoscopy in adults (CI) [Turgeon et al.], 315
Macintosh laryngoscope blade (CO) [Zauder], 241
Macintosh’s laryngoscope (CO) [Unzueta et al.], 242
Latex allergy
genetic predisposition to (JS) [Brown et al.], 496
Levobupivacaine
comparison of median effective doses of intrathecal levobupivacaine and ropivacaine for labor analgesia (PRA) [Sia et al.], 651
effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on exocytotic norepinephrine release from rat atria (LI) [Joseph et al.], 977
minimum local analgesic doses of ropivacaine, levobupivacaine, and bupivacaine for intrathecal labor analgesia (PRA) [Camorcia et al.], 646
Lidocaine
increased sensitivity to thermal pain and reduced subcutaneous lidocaine efficacy in redheads (JS) [Liem et al.], 509
inhibitory effects of lidocaine and mexiletine on vasorelaxation mediated by adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+channels and the role of kinases in the porcine coronary artery (LI) [Kimoto et al.], 581
intravenous lidocaine relieves spinal cord injury pain (PRA) [Finnerup et al.], 1023
long-term exposure to local but not inhalation anesthetics affects neurite regeneration and synapse formation between identified Lymnaea  neurons (LI) [Onizuka et al.], 353
randomized controlled trial to evaluation S-Caine Patch™ for reducing pain associated with vascular access in children (PRA) [Sethna et al.], 403
Liver function and disease
awakening concentration of desflurane is decreased in patients with obstructive jaundice (CI) [Song et al.], 562
pharmacogenetic determinants of human liver microsomal alfentanil metabolism and role of cytochrome P450 3A5 (JS) [Klees et al.], 550
recombinant coagulation Factor VIIa in major liver resection (CI) [Lodge et al.], 269
Local anesthesia and anesthetics.
See also  Regional anesthesia and anesthetics 
continuous infusion of ropivacaine for pain relief after iliac crest bone grafting for shoulder surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 392
differential effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine enantiomers on intracellular Ca2+regulation in murine skeletal muscle fibers (LI) [Zink et al.], 793
effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on exocytotic norepinephrine release from rat atria (LI) [Joseph et al.], 977
increased sensitivity to thermal pain and reduced subcutaneous lidocaine efficacy in redheads (JS) [Liem et al.], 509
long-term exposure to local but not inhalation anesthetics affects neurite regeneration and synapse formation between identified Lymnaea  neurons (LI) [Onizuka et al.], 353
randomized controlled trial to evaluation S-Caine Patch™ for reducing pain associated with vascular access in children (PRA) [Sethna et al.], 403
Lung function and disease
antioxidants reverse reduction of the human hypoxic ventilatory response by subanesthetic isoflurane (CI) [Teppema et al.], 747
brain cell damage and S-100B increase after acute lung injury (EV) [Raabe et al.], 713
effect of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on development of atelectasis during anesthesia, examined by spiral CT (CI) [Andersson et al.], 293
electronic nose prediction of a clinical pneumonia score: biosensors and microbes (CI) [Hanson et al.], 63
increased pulmonary venous resistance contributes to increased pulmonary artery diastolic-pulmonary wedge pressure gradient in acute respiratory distress syndrome (CI) [Her et al.], 574
intravenous vs.  nebulized ceftazidime in ventilated piglets with and without experimental bronchopneumonia: comparative effects of helium and nitrogen (LI) [Tonnellier et al.], 995
ketamine attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction by decreasing myofilament Ca2+sensitivity in pulmonary veins (LI) [Ding et al.], 588
mechanical ventilation affects lung function and cytokine production in experimental model of endotoxemia (LI) [Bréreon et al.], 331
opposing effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on neurogenic pulmonary edema development in rat (LI) [Kandatsu et al.], 1182
pulmonary atelectasis (RA) [Duggan et al.], 838
respiratory distress after a deep cervical plexus block (CO) [D’Honneur et al.], 1070
S-100 protein and neurohistopathologic changes in porcine model of acute lung injury (LI) [Fries et al.], 761
selective thromboxane A2synthase inhibition by OKY-046 prevents cardiopulmonary dysfunction after ovine smoke inhalation injury (LI) [Westphal et al.], 954
severe bronchospasm after parenteral parecoxib (CR) [Looney et al.], 473
severe pulmonary hypertension during pregnancy (CI) [Bonnin et al.], 1133
vaporized perfluorohexane attenuates ventilator-induced lung injury in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs (LI) [Gama de Abreu et al.], 597
Lymphocytes
endotoxemia-induced lymphocyte apoptosis is augmented by a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (LI) [Nielsen et al.], 768
volatile anesthetics induce caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes in vitro (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
M
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
anesthesia-compatible MRI (CO) [Miyasaka et al.], 235
effect of esmolol on cerebral blood flow, cerebral vasoreactivity, and cognitive performance: functional MRI study (CI) [Heinke et al.], 41
effects of epidural saline injection on cerebrospinal fluid volume and velocity waveform: MRI study (CI) [Higuchi et al.], 285
Malignant hyperthermia
screening of the entire ryanodine receptor type 1 coding region for sequence variants associated with malignant hyperthermia susceptibility in North American population (JS) [Sambuughin et al.], 515
Mechanical ventilation
mechanical ventilation affects lung function and cytokine production in experimental model of endotoxemia (LI) [Bréreon et al.], 331
vaporized perfluorohexane attenuates ventilator-induced lung injury in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs (LI) [Gama de Abreu et al.], 597
Medical education.
See also  Continuing medical education 
Anesthesiology’s  new program for [Todd], 6
Meeting reports
Society of Neurosurgical Anesthesia and Critical Care Scientific Meeting, 2004 (RSM) [de Lange], 1074
Memory
anesthesia, amnesia, and the amygdala (EV) [Antognini et al.], 711
does the amygdala mediate anesthetic-induced amnesia? (LI) [Alkire et al.], 754
facilitation of serotonergic activity and amnesia in rats caused by intravenous anesthetics (LI) [Semba et al.], 616
Meperidine
intravenous butorphanol, meperidine, and their combination relieve pain and distress in women in labor (PRA) [Nelson et al.], 1008
Metabolic acidosis
metabolic acidosis due to propofol infusion (CO) [Farag et al.], 697
Metoclopramide
effects of metoclopramide on gastric fluid volumes in diabetic patients who have fasted before elective surgery (CI) [Jellish et al.], 904
Mexiletine
inhibitory effects of lidocaine and mexiletine on vasorelaxation mediated by adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+channels and the role of kinases in the porcine coronary artery (LI) [Kimoto et al.], 581
Midazolam
clinically relevant concentrations of propofol but not midazolam alter in vitro  dendritic development of isolated γ-aminobutyric acid-positive interneurons (LI) [Vutskits et al.], 970
facilitation of serotonergic activity and amnesia in rats caused by intravenous anesthetics (LI) [Semba et al.], 616
modulation of γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor-mediated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents in auditory cortex by midazolam and isoflurane (LI) [Verbny et al.], 962
Minimum alveolar concentration
drastic increase in isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration and limb movement forces after thoracic spinal cooling and chronic spinal transection in rats (LI) [Jinks et al.], 624
Miosis
tolerance to miotic effects of opioids (CO) [Kollars et al.], 701
Mitogen-activated protein kinases
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
Mivacurium
pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in patients phenotypically homozygous for the atypical plasma cholinesterase variant (CI) [Østergaard et al.], 1124
response to mivacurium in patients carrying the K variant in the butyrylcholinesterase gene (JS) [Gätke et al.], 503
Models and modeling
action of isoflurane on substantia gelatinosa neurons of adult rat spinal cord (LI) [Wakai et al.], 379
α2-adrenoceptor activation by clonidine enhances stimulation-evoked acetylcholine release from spinal cord tissue after nerve ligation in rats (PRA) [Obata et al.], 657
changes in properties of spinal dorsal horn neurons and their sensitivity to morphine after spinal cord injury in the rat (PRA) [Wang et al.], 152
changes in response properties and receptive fields of spinal dorsal horn neurons in rats after surgical incision in hairy skin (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 141
comparative cardiac effects of terlipressin, vasopressin, and norepinephrine on an isolated perfused rabbit heart (LI) [Ouattara et al.], 85
continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in relation to motor evoked potentials during spinal cord ischemia in pigs (LI) [Lips et al.], 340
depth of anesthesia monitors and shock (CO) [Lichtor], 1068
developmental age influences effect of epidural dexmedetomidine on inflammatory hyperalgesia in rat pups (PRA) [Walker et al.], 1226
differential effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine enantiomers on intracellular Ca2+regulation in murine skeletal muscle fibers (LI) [Zink et al.], 793
does the amygdala mediate anesthetic-induced amnesia? (LI) [Alkire et al.], 754
drastic increase in isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration and limb movement forces after thoracic spinal cooling and chronic spinal transection in rats (LI) [Jinks et al.], 624
droperidol inhibits intracellular Ca2+, myofilament Ca2+sensitivity, and contraction in rat ventricular myocytes (LI) [Shiga et al.], 1165
effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on exocytotic norepinephrine release from rat atria (LI) [Joseph et al.], 977
effect of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor ε1subunit gene disruption on the action of general anesthetic drugs in mice (JS) [Sato et al.], 557
effect of sleep deprivation on righting reflex in rat is partially reversed by adenosine A1 and A2 receptor antagonists (LI) [Tung et al.], 1158
effects of halothane and isoflurane on hyperexcitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons after incision in the rat (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 165
effects of remifentanil on N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor: electrophysiological study in rat spinal cord (PRA) [Guntz et al.], 1235
endotoxemia-induced lymphocyte apoptosis is augmented by a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (LI) [Nielsen et al.], 768
facilitation of serotonergic activity and amnesia in rats caused by intravenous anesthetics (LI) [Semba et al.], 616
gabapentin normalizes spinal neuronal responses that correlate with behavior in a rat model of cancer-induced bone pain (PRA) [Donovan-Rodriguez et al.], 132
halothane and isoflurane do not directly interact with cardiac cross-bridge function (LI) [Vivien et al.], 364
influence of hypovolemia on the electroencephalographic effect of isoflurane in a swine model (LI) [Kurita et al.], 948
inhibitory effects of lidocaine and mexiletine on vasorelaxation mediated by adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+channels and the role of kinases in the porcine coronary artery (LI) [Kimoto et al.], 581
intravenous vs.  nebulized ceftazidime in ventilated piglets with and without experimental bronchopneumonia: comparative effects of helium and nitrogen (LI) [Tonnellier et al.], 995
isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits (LI) [Chiari et al.], 102
ketamine improves the management of exaggerated postoperative pain observed in perioperative fentanyl-treated rats (PRA) [Richebé et al.], 421
long-term exposure to local but not inhalation anesthetics affects neurite regeneration and synapse formation between identified Lymnaea  neurons (LI) [Onizuka et al.], 353
mechanical ventilation affects lung function and cytokine production in experimental model of endotoxemia (LI) [Bréreon et al.], 331
nitrous oxide facilitates excitability in rat hippocampal slices through γ-aminobutyric acid A receptor-mediated disinhibition (LR) [Nagashima et al.], 230
opposing actions of etomidate on cortical theta oscillations are mediated by different GABA type A receptor subtypes (LI) [Drexler et al.], 346
opposing effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on neurogenic pulmonary edema development in rat (LI) [Kandatsu et al.], 1182
optoacoustic, noninvasive, real-time, continuous monitoring of cerebral blood oxygenation: an in vivo  study in sheep (LI) [Petrov et al.], 69
painful nerve injury decreases resting cytosolic calcium concentrations in sensory neurons of rats (PRA) [Fuchs et al.], 1217
pulsed and continuous radiofrequency current adjacent to the cervical dorsal root ganglion of the rat induces late cellular activity in the dorsal horn (PRA) [Van Zundert et al.], 1125
rapacuronium preferentially antagonizes the function of M2 vs.  M3 muscarinic receptors in guinea pig airway smooth muscle (LI) [Jooste et al.], 115
remifentanil preconditioning confers cardioprotection via  cardiac κ- and δ-opioid receptors (LI) [Zhang et al.], 371
S-100 protein and neurohistopathologic changes in porcine model of acute lung injury (LI) [Fries et al.], 761
selective thromboxane A2synthase inhibition by OKY-046 prevents cardiopulmonary dysfunction after ovine smoke inhalation injury (LI) [Westphal et al.], 954
should we extrapolate rodent experimental data to the care of human neonates? (CO) [Soriano et al.], 866
spinal glucocorticoid receptors contribute to the development of morphine tolerance in rats (PRA) [Lim et al.], 832
transcutaneous fluorescence dilution cardiac output and circulating blood volume during hemorrhagic hypovolemia (LI) [Maarek et al.], 774
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
vaporized perfluorohexane attenuates ventilator-induced lung injury in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs (LI) [Gama de Abreu et al.], 597
volatile anesthetics enhance flash-induced γ oscillations in rat visual cortex (LI) [Imas et al.], 937
volume turnover kinetics of fluid shifts after hemorrhage, fluid infusion, and the combination of hemorrhage and fluid infusion in sheep (LI) [Norberg et al.], 985
xenon attenuates cerebral damage after ischemia in pigs (LI) [Schmidt et al.], 929
Monitoring
continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in relation to motor evoked potentials during spinal cord ischemia in pigs (LI) [Lips et al.], 340
depth of anesthesia monitors and shock (CO) [Lichtor], 1068
effects of Bispectral Index monitoring on recovery from surgical anesthesia in 1,580 inpatients from an academic medical center (CI) [Pavlin et al.], 566
optoacoustic, noninvasive, real-time, continuous monitoring of cerebral blood oxygenation: an in vivo  study in sheep (LI) [Petrov et al.], 69
pacemaker and ECG monitor pseudomalfunction during extracardiac radiofrequency ablation (CO) [Rozner], 239
Morphine
changes in properties of spinal dorsal horn neurons and their sensitivity to morphine after spinal cord injury in the rat (PRA) [Wang et al.], 152
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
effects of NSAIDs on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects (RA) [Marret et al.], 1249
extramedullary intrathecal catheter granuloma adherent to the conus medullaris presenting as cauda equina syndrome (CR) [Shields et al.], 1059
forty-eight hours of postoperative pain relief after total hip arthroplasty with a novel, extended-release epidural morphine formulation (PRA) [Viscusi et al.], 1014
intrathecal morphine reduces allodynia after peripheral nerve injury in rats via  activation of a spinal A1 adenosine receptor (PRA) [Zhang et al.], 416
randomized, double-blind study of the analgesic efficacy of morphine-6-glucuronide vs.  morphine sulfate for postoperative pain in major surgery (PRA) [Hanna et al.], 815
spinal glucocorticoid receptors contribute to the development of morphine tolerance in rats (PRA) [Lim et al.], 832
Mortality
hemodynamic changes after protamine administration: association with mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery (CI) [Welsby et al.], 308
impact of anesthesia management characteristics on severe morbidity and mortality (CI) [Arbous et al.], 257
perioperative: intraoperative anesthetic management matters (EV) [Warner], 251
Muscular dystrophy
onset and duration of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (CI) [Wick et al.], 915
Myocardial infarction
early and delayed, after abdominal aortic surgery (CI) [Le Manach et al.], 885
Myocardial ischemia.
See  Coronary circulation and myocardial ischemia 
N
Nausea and vomiting
droperidol inhibits intracellular Ca2+, myofilament Ca2+sensitivity, and contraction in rat ventricular myocytes (LI) [Shiga et al.], 1165
effect of low-dose droperidol on QT interval during and after general anesthesia (CI) [White et al.], 1101
impact of pharmacogenomics on postoperative nausea and vomiting (JS) [Candiotti et al.], 543
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Nefopam
median effective dose of nefopam and ketoprofen in postoperative patients (PRA) [Delage et al.], 1211
Neostigmine
epidural administration of neostigmine and clonidine to induce labor analgesia (PRA) [Roelants et al.], 1205
Nerve blocks
“bayonet artifact” during ultrasound-guided transarterial axillary block (CO) [Gray et al.], 1291
bupivacaine spinal block cauda equina syndrome (CO) [Lambert], 1285
comparison of different approaches to saphenous nerve block (PRA) [Benzon et al.], 633
continuous peripheral nerve blocks at home for treatment of recurrent complex regional pain syndrome I in children (PRA) [Dadure et al.], 387
influence of obesity on surgical regional anesthesia in the ambulatory setting: analysis of 9,038 blocks (PRA) [Nielsen et al.], 181
intraneural injection during anterior approach for sciatic nerve block (CO) [Blumenthal et al.], 1283
lumbar plexus block in children (CO) [Jöhr], 865
for outpatient rotator cuff surgery, nerve block anesthesia provides superior same-day recovery over general anesthesia (PRA) [Hadzic et al.], 1001
respiratory distress after a deep cervical plexus block (CO) [D’Honneur et al.], 1070
stellate ganglion blockade for acute postoperative upper extremity pain (CO) [Kakazu et al.], 1286
why do orthopedic patients have a higher incidence of serious complications after central neuraxial blockade? (CO) [Heller et al.], 1286
Nerve injury
intraneural injection during anterior approach for sciatic nerve block (CO) [Blumenthal et al.], 1283
painful nerve injury decreases resting cytosolic calcium concentrations in sensory neurons of rats (PRA) [Fuchs et al.], 1217
Neuromuscular transmission and blockade
anaphylaxis during anesthesia in Norway: 6-year single-center follow-up study (CI) [Harboe et al.], 897
genotyping the butyrylcholinesterase in patients with prolonged neuromuscular block after succinylcholine (JS) [Levano et al.], 531
GW280430A: pharmacodynamics and potential adverse effects (CO) [Lien et al.], 861
GW280430A (CO) [Geldner et al.], 861
onset and duration of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (CI) [Wick et al.], 915
pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of mivacurium in patients phenotypically homozygous for the atypical plasma cholinesterase variant (CI) [Østergaard et al.], 1124
rapacuronium preferentially antagonizes the function of M2 vs.  M3 muscarinic receptors in guinea pig airway smooth muscle (LI) [Jooste et al.], 115
response to mivacurium in patients carrying the K variant in the butyrylcholinesterase gene (JS) [Gätke et al.], 503
single acceleromyographic train-of-four, 100-Hertz tetanus or double-burst stimulation: which test performs better to detect residual paralysis? (CI) [Samet et al.], 51
succinylcholine dosage and apnea-induced hemoglobin desaturation in patients (CI) [Naguib et al.], 35
tetanic stimulation of peripheral nerve before transcranial electrical stimulation can enlarge amplitudes of myogenic motor evoked potentials during general anesthesia with neuromuscular blockade (CI) [Kakimoto et al.], 733
Neuronal cells
action of isoflurane on substantia gelatinosa neurons of adult rat spinal cord (LI) [Wakai et al.], 379
changes in response properties and receptive fields of spinal dorsal horn neurons in rats after surgical incision in hairy skin (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 141
clinically relevant concentrations of propofol but not midazolam alter in vitro  dendritic development of isolated γ-aminobutyric acid-positive interneurons (LI) [Vutskits et al.], 970
gabapentin normalizes spinal neuronal responses that correlate with behavior in a rat model of cancer-induced bone pain (PRA) [Donovan-Rodriguez et al.], 132
long-term exposure to local but not inhalation anesthetics affects neurite regeneration and synapse formation between identified Lymnaea  neurons (LI) [Onizuka et al.], 353
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
Neuroprotection
isoflurane neuroprotection in hypoxic hippocampal slice cultures involves increases in intracellular Ca2+and mitogen-activated protein kinases (LI) [Gray et al.], 606
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
Neurosurgery
Society of Neurosurgical Anesthesia and Critical Care Scientific Meeting, 2004 (RSM) [de Lange], 1074
Nicotine replacement therapy
effect on stress and smoking behavior in surgical patients (CI) [Warner et al.], 1138
Nitroglycerin
nitroglycerin to facilitate insertion of a labor epidural (CO) [Carvalho], 872
Nitrous oxide
intraoperative remifentanil infusion does not increase postoperative opioid consumption compared with 70% nitrous oxide (PRA) [Lee et al.], 398
nitrous oxide facilitates excitability in rat hippocampal slices through γ-aminobutyric acid A receptor-mediated disinhibition (LR) [Nagashima et al.], 230
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
effects on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects (RA) [Marret et al.], 1249
median effective dose of nefopam and ketoprofen in postoperative patients (PRA) [Delage et al.], 1211
Norepinephrine
comparative cardiac effects of terlipressin, vasopressin, and norepinephrine on an isolated perfused rabbit heart (LI) [Ouattara et al.], 85
effect of bupivacaine and levobupivacaine on exocytotic norepinephrine release from rat atria (LI) [Joseph et al.], 977
terlipressin vs.  norepinephrine to counteract anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients treated with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (CI) [Morelli et al.], 12
O
Obesity
influence of obesity on surgical regional anesthesia in the ambulatory setting: analysis of 9,038 blocks (PRA) [Nielsen et al.], 181
intubating laryngeal mask airway in morbidly obese and lean patients (CI) [Combes et al.], 1106
preoxygenation is more effective in 25° head-up position than in supine position in severely obese patients (CI) [Dixon et al.], 1110
Obstetric patients
the Apgar score has survived the test of time (CPR) [Finster et al.], 855
Chestnut, Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice, 3rd edition  (EM) [Bocquet-Lecinq et al.], 875
comparison of median effective doses of intrathecal levobupivacaine and ropivacaine for labor analgesia (PRA) [Sia et al.], 651
epidural administration of neostigmine and clonidine to induce labor analgesia (PRA) [Roelants et al.], 1205
Gerard W. Ostheimer “What’s New in Obstetric Anesthesia” lecture (SA) [Tsen], 672
heart rate variability predicts severe hypotension after spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery (CI) [Hanss et al.], 1086
intravenous butorphanol, meperidine, and their combination relieve pain and distress in women in labor (PRA) [Nelson et al.], 1008
minimum local analgesic doses of ropivacaine, levobupivacaine, and bupivacaine for intrathecal labor analgesia (PRA) [Camorcia et al.], 646
nitroglycerin to facilitate insertion of a labor epidural (CO) [Carvalho], 872
predicting hypotension during spinal anesthesia (EV) [Smiley], 1079
severe pulmonary hypertension during pregnancy (CI) [Bonnin et al.], 1133
use of the laryngeal tube-S™ for airway management and prevention of aspiration after a failed tracheal intubation in a parturient (CO) [Zand et al.], 481
OKY-046
selective thromboxane A2synthase inhibition by OKY-046 prevents cardiopulmonary dysfunction after ovine smoke inhalation injury (LI) [Westphal et al.], 954
Ondansetron
impact of pharmacogenomics on postoperative nausea and vomiting (JS) [Candiotti et al.], 543
prolongation of QTc interval after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
Operating room management
estimating incidence of prolonged turnover times and delays by time of day (EC) [Dexter et al.], 1242
Opioids
changes in properties of spinal dorsal horn neurons and their sensitivity to morphine after spinal cord injury in the rat (PRA) [Wang et al.], 152
effects of NSAIDs on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects (RA) [Marret et al.], 1249
effects of remifentanil on N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor: electrophysiological study in rat spinal cord (PRA) [Guntz et al.], 1235
efficacy and safety of epidural opioids for postoperative analgesia (CPR) [Chestnut], 221
forty-eight hours of postoperative pain relief after total hip arthroplasty with a novel, extended-release epidural morphine formulation (PRA) [Viscusi et al.], 1014
intraoperative remifentanil infusion does not increase postoperative opioid consumption compared with 70% nitrous oxide (PRA) [Lee et al.], 398
intrathecal morphine reduces allodynia after peripheral nerve injury in rats via  activation of a spinal A1 adenosine receptor (PRA) [Zhang et al.], 416
intravenous butorphanol, meperidine, and their combination relieve pain and distress in women in labor (PRA) [Nelson et al.], 1008
ketamine improves the management of exaggerated postoperative pain observed in perioperative fentanyl-treated rats (PRA) [Richebé et al.], 421
polymorphism of μ-opioid receptor gene does not protect against opioid-induced respiratory depression despite reduced analgesic response (JS) [Romberg et al.], 522
postoperative opioid sparing to hasten recovery (EV) [Kehlet], 1083
randomized, double-blind study of the analgesic efficacy of morphine-6-glucuronide vs.  morphine sulfate for postoperative pain in major surgery (PRA) [Hanna et al.], 815
remifentanil preconditioning confers cardioprotection via  cardiac κ- and δ-opioid receptors (LI) [Zhang et al.], 371
spinal glucocorticoid receptors contribute to the development of morphine tolerance in rats (PRA) [Lim et al.], 832
tolerance to miotic effects of opioids (CO) [Kollars et al.], 701
tramadol and vocal cord closure (CR) [Fodale et al.], 227
Orthopedic surgery
continuous infusion of ropivacaine for pain relief after iliac crest bone grafting for shoulder surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 392
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on rehabilitation and pain after hip fracture surgery (PRA) [Foss et al.], 1197
efficacy and safety of single and repeated administration of 1 gram intravenous acetaminophen injection (paracetamol) for pain management after major orthopedic surgery (PRA) [Sinatra et al.], 822
forty-eight hours of postoperative pain relief after total hip arthroplasty with a novel, extended-release epidural morphine formulation (PRA) [Viscusi et al.], 1014
for outpatient rotator cuff surgery, nerve block anesthesia provides superior same-day recovery over general anesthesia (PRA) [Hadzic et al.], 1001
tranexamic acid reduces intraoperative blood loss in pediatric patients undergoing scoliosis surgery (CI) [Sethna et al.], 727
why do orthopedic patients have a higher incidence of serious complications after central neuraxial blockade? (CO) [Heller et al.], 1286
Oxygenation
continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in relation to motor evoked potentials during spinal cord ischemia in pigs (LI) [Lips et al.], 340
effects of skin pigmentation on pulse oximeter accuracy at low saturation (CI) [Bickler et al.], 715
optoacoustic, noninvasive, real-time, continuous monitoring of cerebral blood oxygenation: an in vivo  study in sheep (LI) [Petrov et al.], 69
preoxygenation is more effective in 25° head-up position than in supine position in severely obese patients (CI) [Dixon et al.], 1110
simple and effective technique to increase oxygenation for patients with nasal cannulae during upper endoscopy (CO) [Tse et al.], 484
succinylcholine dosage and apnea-induced hemoglobin desaturation in patients (CI) [Naguib et al.], 35
P
Pain, cancer
gabapentin normalizes spinal neuronal responses that correlate with behavior in a rat model of cancer-induced bone pain (PRA) [Donovan-Rodriguez et al.], 132
Pain, neuropathic
intrathecal morphine reduces allodynia after peripheral nerve injury n rats via  activation of a spinal A1 adenosine receptor (PRA) [Zhang et al.], 416
intravenous lidocaine relieves spinal cord injury pain (PRA) [Finnerup et al.], 1023
safer and more effective intervention for radiculopathic pain (CO) [Willis et al.], 869
Pain, postoperative
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on rehabilitation and pain after hip fracture surgery (PRA) [Foss et al.], 1197
efficacy and safety of epidural opioids for postoperative analgesia (CPR) [Chestnut], 221
efficacy and safety of single and repeated administration of 1 gram intravenous acetaminophen injection (paracetamol) for pain management after major orthopedic surgery (PRA) [Sinatra et al.], 822
forty-eight hours of postoperative pain relief after total hip arthroplasty with a novel, extended-release epidural morphine formulation (PRA) [Viscusi et al.], 1014
intraoperative remifentanil infusion does not increase postoperative opioid consumption compared with 70% nitrous oxide (PRA) [Lee et al.], 398
ketamine improves the management of exaggerated postoperative pain observed in perioperative fentanyl-treated rats (PRA) [Richebé et al.], 421
median effective dose of nefopam and ketoprofen in postoperative patients (PRA) [Delage et al.], 1211
postoperative opioid sparing to hasten recovery (EV) [Kehlet], 1083
randomized, double-blind study of the analgesic efficacy of morphine-6-glucuronide vs.  morphine sulfate for postoperative pain in major surgery (PRA) [Hanna et al.], 815
stellate ganglion blockade for acute postoperative upper extremity pain (CO) [Kakazu et al.], 1286
Pain, procedural
randomized controlled trial to evaluation S-Caine Patch™ for reducing pain associated with vascular access in children (PRA) [Sethna et al.], 403
Pain, radicular
pulsed and continuous radiofrequency current adjacent to the cervical dorsal root ganglion of the rat induces late cellular activity in the dorsal horn (PRA) [Van Zundert et al.], 1125
Pain management
central nervous system concentrations of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in humans (PRA) [Dembo et al.], 409
complex regional pain syndromes in children and adolescents (EV) [Berde et al.], 251
continuous infusion of ropivacaine for pain relief after iliac crest bone grafting for shoulder surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 392
continuous peripheral nerve blocks at home for treatment of recurrent complex regional pain syndrome I in children (PRA) [Dadure et al.], 387
effects of NSAIDs on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects (RA) [Marret et al.], 1249
efficacy and safety of epidural opioids for postoperative analgesia (CPR) [Chestnut], 221
efficacy and safety of single and repeated administration of 1 gram intravenous acetaminophen injection (paracetamol) for pain management after major orthopedic surgery (PRA) [Sinatra et al.], 822
immediate early genes after pulsed radiofrequency treatment (EV) [Richebé et al.], 1
ketamine for perioperative pain management (CCC) [Himmelseher et al.], 211
ketamine improves the management of exaggerated postoperative pain observed in perioperative fentanyl-treated rats (PRA) [Richebé et al.], 421
perioperative acupuncture and related techniques (RA) [Chernyak et al.], 1031
randomized, double-blind study of the analgesic efficacy of morphine-6-glucuronide vs.  morphine sulfate for postoperative pain in major surgery (PRA) [Hanna et al.], 815
sonographic localization of an implanted infusion pump injection port (CO) [Greher et al.], 243
successful use of spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of severe Raynaud’s disease of the hands (CR) [Sibell et al.], 225
Warfield, Bajwa, Principles & Practice of Pain Medicine, 2nd edition  (EM) [Wu], 1073
Pain mechanisms
changes in properties of spinal dorsal horn neurons and their sensitivity to morphine after spinal cord injury in the rat (PRA) [Wang et al.], 152
changes in response properties and receptive fields of spinal dorsal horn neurons in rats after surgical incision in hairy skin (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 141
developmental age influences effect of epidural dexmedetomidine on inflammatory hyperalgesia in rat pups (PRA) [Walker et al.], 1226
effects of halothane and isoflurane on hyperexcitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons after incision in the rat (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 165
effects of remifentanil on N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor: electrophysiological study in rat spinal cord (PRA) [Guntz et al.], 1235
increased sensitivity to thermal pain and reduced subcutaneous lidocaine efficacy in redheads (JS) [Liem et al.], 509
painful nerve injury decreases resting cytosolic calcium concentrations in sensory neurons of rats (PRA) [Fuchs et al.], 1217
Paralysis
single acceleromyographic train-of-four, 100-Hertz tetanus or double-burst stimulation: which test performs better to detect residual paralysis? (CI) [Samet et al.], 51
Patient-controlled analgesia
effects of NSAIDs on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects (RA) [Marret et al.], 1249
Patient positioning
preoxygenation is more effective in 25° head-up position than in supine position in severely obese patients (CI) [Dixon et al.], 1110
Patient satisfaction
development and validation of a perioperative satisfaction questionnaire (CI) [Auquier et al.], 1116
Pediatric patients
air venting and in-line intravenous fluid warming for pediatrics (CO) [Avula et al.], 1290
the Apgar score has survived the test of time (CPR) [Finster et al.], 855
complex regional pain syndromes in children and adolescents (EV) [Berde et al.], 251
continuous peripheral nerve blocks at home for treatment of recurrent complex regional pain syndrome I in children (PRA) [Dadure et al.], 387
Litman, Pediatric Anesthesia: The Requisites in Anesthesiology  (EM) [Bonasera], 1293
lumbar plexus block in children (CO) [Jöhr], 865
randomized controlled trial to evaluation S-Caine Patch™ for reducing pain associated with vascular access in children (PRA) [Sethna et al.], 403
sevoflurane vs.  halothane: postoperative maladaptive behavioral changes (CI) [Kain et al.], 720
should we extrapolate rodent experimental data to the care of human neonates? (CO) [Soriano et al.], 866
tranexamic acid reduces intraoperative blood loss in pediatric patients undergoing scoliosis surgery (CI) [Sethna et al.], 727
Perfluorohexane
vaporized perfluorohexane attenuates ventilator-induced lung injury in isolated, perfused rabbit lungs (LI) [Gama de Abreu et al.], 597
Pharmacogenomics.
See also  Genetics 
anesthesia and the Human Genome Project (EV) [Allen], 494
effect of α2B-adrenoceptor polymorphism on peripheral vasoconstriction in healthy volunteers (JS) [Talke et al.], 536
effect of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor ε1subunit gene disruption on the action of general anesthetic drugs in mice (JS) [Sato et al.], 557
genetic predisposition to latex allergy (JS) [Brown et al.], 496
genotyping the butyrylcholinesterase in patients with prolonged neuromuscular block after succinylcholine (JS) [Levano et al.], 531
impact of pharmacogenomics on postoperative nausea and vomiting (JS) [Candiotti et al.], 543
increased sensitivity to thermal pain and reduced subcutaneous lidocaine efficacy in redheads (JS) [Liem et al.], 509
pharmacogenetic determinants of human liver microsomal alfentanil metabolism and role of cytochrome P450 3A5 (JS) [Klees et al.], 550
pharmacogenetics of anesthetic and analgesic agents (RA) [Palmer et al.], 663
pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of mivacurium in patients phenotypically homozygous for the atypical plasma cholinesterase variant (CI) [Østergaard et al.], 1124
polymorphism of μ-opioid receptor gene does not protect against opioid-induced respiratory depression despite reduced analgesic response (JS) [Romberg et al.], 522
response to mivacurium in patients carrying the K variant in the butyrylcholinesterase gene (JS) [Gätke et al.], 503
screening of the entire ryanodine receptor type 1 coding region for sequence variants associated with malignant hyperthermia susceptibility in North American population (JS) [Sambuughin et al.], 515
special issue on pharmacogenomics and anesthesia: work presented at the 2004 journal symposium (EV) [Kharasch], 493
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
Evers, Maze (eds), Anesthetic Pharmacology: Physiologic Principles and Clinical Practice  (EM) [Goldstein et al.], 485
GW280430A: pharmacodynamics and potential adverse effects (CO) [Lien et al.], 861
human kidneys play an important role in the elimination of propofol (CI) [Takizawa et al.], 327
influence of hypovolemia on the electroencephalographic effect of isoflurane in a swine model (LI) [Kurita et al.], 948
of mivacurium in patients phenotypically homozygous for the atypical plasma cholinesterase variant (CI) [Østergaard et al.], 1124
pharmacodynamics of propofol during hemorrhagic shock (CO) [Takizawa et al.], 1068
pharmacogenetic determinants of human liver microsomal alfentanil metabolism and role of cytochrome P450 3A5 (JS) [Klees et al.], 550
weak polar interactions confer albumin binding site selectivity for haloether anesthetics (LI) [Liu et al.], 799
Pneumonia
electronic nose prediction of a clinical pneumonia score: biosensors and microbes (CI) [Hanson et al.], 63
intravenous vs.  nebulized ceftazidime in ventilated piglets with and without experimental bronchopneumonia: comparative effects of helium and nitrogen (LI) [Tonnellier et al.], 995
Potassium and potassium channels
inhibitory effects of lidocaine and mexiletine on vasorelaxation mediated by adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+channels and the role of kinases in the porcine coronary artery (LI) [Kimoto et al.], 581
molecular mechanisms underlying ketamine-mediated inhibition of sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels (LI) [Kawano et al.], 93
Preconditioning
ketamine preconditions isolated human right atrial myocardium (LI) [Hanouz et al.], 1190
remifentanil preconditioning confers cardioprotection via  cardiac κ- and δ-opioid receptors (LI) [Zhang et al.], 371
Pregnancy.
See also  Obstetric patients 
severe pulmonary hypertension during (CI) [Bonnin et al.], 1133
Propofol
in clinical practice, coadministration of sevoflurane or propofol could antagonize remifentanil stimulation of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptors (CO) [Fodale et al.], 695
clinically relevant concentrations of propofol but not midazolam alter in vitro  dendritic development of isolated γ-aminobutyric acid-positive interneurons (LI) [Vutskits et al.], 970
depth of anesthesia monitors and shock (CO) [Lichtor], 1068
effect of propofol on carotid body chemosensitivity and cholinergic chemotransduction (LI) [Jonsson et al.], 110
facilitation of serotonergic activity and amnesia in rats caused by intravenous anesthetics (LI) [Semba et al.], 616
human kidneys play an important role in the elimination of propofol (CI) [Takizawa et al.], 327
metabolic acidosis due to propofol infusion (CO) [Farag et al.], 697
no evidence of memory function during anesthesia with propofol or isoflurane with close control of hypnotic state (CI) [Kerssens et al.], 57
pharmacodynamics of propofol during hemorrhagic shock (CO) [Takizawa et al.], 1068
propofol and sleep (CO) [Ward], 481
propofol and thiopental do not interfere with regional cerebral blood flow response at sedative concentrations (CI) [Veselis et al.], 26
Pulmonary edema
opposing effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on neurogenic pulmonary edema development in rat (LI) [Kandatsu et al.], 1182
Pulmonary hypertension
severe, during pregnancy (CI) [Bonnin et al.], 1133
Pulmonary venous resistance
increased pulmonary venous resistance contributes to increased pulmonary artery diastolic-pulmonary wedge pressure gradient in acute respiratory distress syndrome (CI) [Her et al.], 574
ketamine attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction by decreasing myofilament Ca2+sensitivity in pulmonary veins (LI) [Ding et al.], 588
Pulse oximetry
effects of skin pigmentation on pulse oximeter accuracy at low saturation (CI) [Bickler et al.], 715
Q
QT interval prolongation
after postoperative nausea and vomiting treatment by droperidol or ondansetron (CI) [Charbit et al.], 1094
anesthesia for patients with congenital long QT syndrome (RA) [Kies et al.], 204
effect of low-dose droperidol on QT interval during and after general anesthesia (CI) [White et al.], 1101
you (still) can’t disprove the existence of dragons (EV) [Scuderi], 1081
R
Radiofrequency treatment
immediate early genes after pulsed radiofrequency treatment (EV) [Richebé et al.], 1
pacemaker and ECG monitor pseudomalfunction during extracardiac radiofrequency ablation (CO) [Rozner], 239
pulsed and continuous radiofrequency current adjacent to the cervical dorsal root ganglion of the rat induces late cellular activity in the dorsal horn (PRA) [Van Zundert et al.], 1125
safer and more effective intervention for radiculopathic pain (CO) [Willis et al.], 869
Rapacuronium
rapacuronium preferentially antagonizes the function of M2 vs.  M3 muscarinic receptors in guinea pig airway smooth muscle (LI) [Jooste et al.], 115
Raynaud’s disease
successful use of spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of severe Raynaud’s disease of the hands (CR) [Sibell et al.], 225
Recall
is recall during sedation being confused with recall during general anesthesia? (CO) [Collier], 1070
Receptors and signal transduction
effect of α2B-adrenoceptor polymorphism on peripheral vasoconstriction in healthy volunteers (JS) [Talke et al.], 536
effect of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor ε1subunit gene disruption on the action of general anesthetic drugs in mice (JS) [Sato et al.], 557
isoflurane modulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (LI) [Yamashita et al.], 76
isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits (LI) [Chiari et al.], 102
rapacuronium preferentially antagonizes the function of M2 vs.  M3 muscarinic receptors in guinea pig airway smooth muscle (LI) [Jooste et al.], 115
remifentanil preconditioning confers cardioprotection via  cardiac κ- and δ-opioid receptors (LI) [Zhang et al.], 371
spinal glucocorticoid receptors contribute to the development of morphine tolerance in rats (PRA) [Lim et al.], 832
Recovery from anesthesia
effects of Bispectral Index monitoring on recovery from surgical anesthesia in 1,580 inpatients from an academic medical center (CI) [Pavlin et al.], 566
for outpatient rotator cuff surgery, nerve block anesthesia provides superior same-day recovery over general anesthesia (PRA) [Hadzic et al.], 1001
postoperative opioid sparing to hasten recovery (EV) [Kehlet], 1083
Regional anesthesia and anesthetics
“bayonet artifact” during ultrasound-guided transarterial axillary block (CO) [Gray et al.], 1291
influence of obesity on surgical regional anesthesia in the ambulatory setting: analysis of 9,038 blocks (PRA) [Nielsen et al.], 181
intraneural injection during anterior approach for sciatic nerve block (CO) [Blumenthal et al.], 1283
lumbar plexus block in children (CO) [Jöhr], 865
respiratory distress after a deep cervical plexus block (CO) [D’Honneur et al.], 1070
stellate ganglion blockade for acute postoperative upper extremity pain (CO) [Kakazu et al.], 1286
medwhy do orthopedic patients have a higher incidence of serious complications after central neuraxial blockade? (CO) [Heller et al.], 1286
Rehabilitation
effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on rehabilitation and pain after hip fracture surgery (PRA) [Foss et al.], 1197
Remifentanil
in clinical practice, coadministration of sevoflurane or propofol could antagonize remifentanil stimulation of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptors (CO) [Fodale et al.], 695
effects on N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor: electrophysiological study in rat spinal cord (PRA) [Guntz et al.], 1235
in ICU: tolerance and acute withdrawal syndrome after prolonged sedation (CR) [Delvaux et al.], 1281
intraoperative remifentanil infusion does not increase postoperative opioid consumption compared with 70% nitrous oxide (PRA) [Lee et al.], 398
remifentanil preconditioning confers cardioprotection via  cardiac κ- and δ-opioid receptors (LI) [Zhang et al.], 371
Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors
terlipressin vs.  norepinephrine to counteract anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients treated with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (CI) [Morelli et al.], 12
Respiratory depression
effect of propofol on carotid body chemosensitivity and cholinergic chemotransduction (LI) [Jonsson et al.], 110
polymorphism of μ-opioid receptor gene does not protect against opioid-induced respiratory depression despite reduced analgesic response (JS) [Romberg et al.], 522
Respiratory distress
after deep cervical plexus block (CO) [D’Honneur et al.], 1070
Review articles
anesthesia for patients with congenital long QT syndrome (RA) [Kies et al.], 204
does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass? meta-analysis of randomized trials (RA) [Cheng et al.], 188
effects of NSAIDs on patient-controlled analgesia morphine side effects (RA) [Marret et al.], 1249
genetic modulation of adrenergic activity in the heart and vasculature: implications for perioperative medicine (RA) [Zaugg et al.], 429
perioperative acupuncture and related techniques (RA) [Chernyak et al.], 1031
pharmacogenetics of anesthetic and analgesic agents (RA) [Palmer et al.], 663
pulmonary atelectasis (RA) [Duggan et al.], 838
Reviews of educational material
Chestnut, Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice, 3rd edition  (EM) [Bocquet-Lecinq et al.], 875
Cole, Schlunt (eds), Adult Perioperative Anesthesia: The Requisites  (EM) [Guidry], 485
Dunn, Simulators in Critical Care and Beyond  (EM) [Manser], 1072
Ellis, Feldman, Harrop-Griffiths, Lawson, Anatomy for Anaesthetists, 8th edition  (EM) [Rorie], 875
Evers, Maze, Anesthetic Pharmacology: Physiologic Principles and Clinical Practice  (EM) [Goldstein et al.], 485
Hadzic, Vloka, Peripheral Nerve Blocks: Principles and Practice  (EM) [Ilfeld], 244
Hillman, Bishop, Clinical Intensive Care and Acute Medicine, 2nd edition  (EM) [Nemergut], 705
Jaffe, Samuels, The Anesthesiologist’s Manual of Surgical Procedures  (EM) [Danielson], 244
Leung, Cardiac and Vascular Anesthesia: The Requisites in Anesthesiology  (EM) [Stone], 1293
Litman, Pediatric Anesthesia: The Requisites in Anesthesiology  (EM) [Bonasera], 1293
Renfrew, Atlas of Spine Injection  (EM) [Stanton-Hicks], 705
Warfield, Bajwa, Principles & Practice of Pain Medicine, 2nd edition  (EM) [Wu], 1073
Rocuronium
onset and duration of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (CI) [Wick et al.], 915
Ropivacaine
comparison of median effective doses of intrathecal levobupivacaine and ropivacaine for labor analgesia (PRA) [Sia et al.], 651
continuous infusion of ropivacaine for pain relief after iliac crest bone grafting for shoulder surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 392
differential effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine enantiomers on intracellular Ca2+regulation in murine skeletal muscle fibers (LI) [Zink et al.], 793
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
minimum local analgesic doses of ropivacaine, levobupivacaine, and bupivacaine for intrathecal labor analgesia (PRA) [Camorcia et al.], 646
Rovenstein Lecture
assessing the past and shaping the future of anesthesiology: the 43rd Rovenstine Lecture (SA) [Modell], 1050
S
S-100 protein
brain cell damage and S-100B increase after acute lung injury (EV) [Raabe et al.], 713
S-100 protein and neurohistopathologic changes in porcine model of acute lung injury (LI) [Fries et al.], 761
Safety issues
adequate preoperative fasting and aspiration: factors affecting regurgitation (CO) [Salem et al.], 237
avoid excessive sedation during cervical injections (CO) [Gajraj], 869
efficacy and safety of epidural opioids for postoperative analgesia (CPR) [Chestnut], 221
proponents of liberalized fasting guidelines (CO) [Cook-Sather et al.], 236
safer and more effective intervention for radiculopathic pain (CO) [Willis et al.], 869
transpharyngeal ultrasonography for cannulation of the internal jugular vein (CO) [Bevilacqua et al.], 873
Saphenous nerve
comparison of different approaches to saphenous nerve block (PRA) [Benzon et al.], 633
Sciatic nerve
intraneural injection during anterior approach for sciatic nerve block (CO) [Blumenthal et al.], 1283
Scoliosis
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
tranexamic acid reduces intraoperative blood loss in pediatric patients undergoing scoliosis surgery (CI) [Sethna et al.], 727
Sedation
avoid excessive sedation during cervical injections (CO) [Gajraj], 869
is recall during sedation being confused with recall during general anesthesia? (CO) [Collier], 1070
propofol and thiopental do not interfere with regional cerebral blood flow response at sedative concentrations (CI) [Veselis et al.], 26
remifentanil in ICU: tolerance and acute withdrawal syndrome after prolonged sedation (CR) [Delvaux et al.], 1281
Serotonin
facilitation of serotonergic activity and amnesia in rats caused by intravenous anesthetics (LI) [Semba et al.], 616
Sevoflurane
cardioprotective properties of sevoflurane in patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are related to the modalities of its administration (CO) [Djalali et al.], 699
in clinical practice, coadministration of sevoflurane or propofol could antagonize remifentanil stimulation of N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptors (CO) [Fodale et al.], 695
does the amygdala mediate anesthetic-induced amnesia? (LI) [Alkire et al.], 754
opposing effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on neurogenic pulmonary edema development in rat (LI) [Kandatsu et al.], 1182
sevoflurane blocks cholinergic synaptic transmission postsynaptically but does not affect short-term potentiation (LI) [Naruo et al.], 920
sevoflurane vs.  halothane: postoperative maladaptive behavioral changes (CI) [Kain et al.], 720
volatile anesthetics induce caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes in vitro (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
Shock
depth of anesthesia monitors and shock (CO) [Lichtor], 1068
management of anaphylactic shock (CO) [Mahajan et al.], 1284
pharmacodynamics of propofol during hemorrhagic shock (CO) [Takizawa et al.], 1068
Shoulder surgery
for outpatient rotator cuff surgery, nerve block anesthesia provides superior same-day recovery over general anesthesia (PRA) [Hadzic et al.], 1001
Signal transduction.
See  Receptors and signal transduction 
Skeletal muscle
differential effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine enantiomers on intracellular Ca2+regulation in murine skeletal muscle fibers (LI) [Zink et al.], 793
Skin
effects of skin pigmentation on pulse oximeter accuracy at low saturation (CI) [Bickler et al.], 715
Smoke inhalation
selective thromboxane A2synthase inhibition by OKY-046 prevents cardiopulmonary dysfunction after ovine smoke inhalation injury (LI) [Westphal et al.], 954
Smoking
determination of duration of preoperative smoking cessation to improve wound healing after head and neck surgery (CI) [Kuri et al.], 892
effect of nicotine replacement therapy on stress and smoking behavior in surgical patients (CI) [Warner et al.], 1138
preoperative smoking cessation (EV) [Warner], 883
Smooth muscle, airway
rapacuronium preferentially antagonizes the function of M2 vs.  M3 muscarinic receptors in guinea pig airway smooth muscle (LI) [Jooste et al.], 115
Spasmodic dysphonia
postextubation laryngospasm in a patient with spasmodic dysphonia (CR) [Capacchione et al.], 859
Special articles
the anesthetic cascade: a theory of how anesthesia suppresses consciousness (SA) [John et al.], 447
assessing the past and shaping the future of anesthesiology: the 43rd Rovenstine Lecture (SA) [Modell], 1050
Spinal anesthesia and analgesia
bupivacaine spinal block cauda equina syndrome (CO) [Lambert], 1285
comparison of median effective doses of intrathecal levobupivacaine and ropivacaine for labor analgesia (PRA) [Sia et al.], 651
double epidural catheter with ropivacaine vs.  intravenous morphine: comparison for postoperative analgesia after scoliosis correction surgery (PRA) [Blumenthal et al.], 175
extramedullary intrathecal catheter granuloma adherent to the conus medullaris presenting as cauda equina syndrome (CR) [Shields et al.], 1059
heart rate variability predicts severe hypotension after spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery (CI) [Hanss et al.], 1086
intrathecal catheter tip inflammatory mass: failure of clonidine to protect (CR) [Toombs et al.], 687
intrathecal morphine reduces allodynia after peripheral nerve injury in rats via  activation of a spinal A1 adenosine receptor (PRA) [Zhang et al.], 416
minimum local analgesic doses of ropivacaine, levobupivacaine, and bupivacaine for intrathecal labor analgesia (PRA) [Camorcia et al.], 646
predicting hypotension during (EV) [Smiley], 1079
Renfrew, Atlas of Spine Injection  (EM) [Stanton-Hicks], 705
Spinal cord function and disease
action of isoflurane on substantia gelatinosa neurons of adult rat spinal cord (LI) [Wakai et al.], 379
α2-adrenoceptor activation by clonidine enhances stimulation-evoked acetylcholine release from spinal cord tissue after nerve ligation in rats (PRA) [Obata et al.], 657
changes in properties of spinal dorsal horn neurons and their sensitivity to morphine after spinal cord injury in the rat (PRA) [Wang et al.], 152
changes in response properties and receptive fields of spinal dorsal horn neurons in rats after surgical incision in hairy skin (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 141
continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in relation to motor evoked potentials during spinal cord ischemia in pigs (LI) [Lips et al.], 340
drastic increase in isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration and limb movement forces after thoracic spinal cooling and chronic spinal transection in rats (LI) [Jinks et al.], 624
effects of halothane and isoflurane on hyperexcitability of spinal dorsal horn neurons after incision in the rat (PRA) [Kawamata et al.], 165
effects of remifentanil on N  -methyl-D-aspartate receptor: electrophysiological study in rat spinal cord (PRA) [Guntz et al.], 1235
extramedullary intrathecal catheter granuloma adherent to the conus medullaris presenting as cauda equina syndrome (CR) [Shields et al.], 1059
intravenous lidocaine relieves spinal cord injury pain (PRA) [Finnerup et al.], 1023
spinal glucocorticoid receptors contribute to the development of morphine tolerance in rats (PRA) [Lim et al.], 832
Spinal cord stimulation
successful use of spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of severe Raynaud’s disease of the hands (CR) [Sibell et al.], 225
Statistics
improved statistical methods for quantal assay (CO) [Pace], 476
Stellate ganglion blockade
for acute postoperative upper extremity pain (CO) [Kakazu et al.], 1286
Substance use disorders
propofol and sleep (CO) [Ward], 481
Succinylcholine
genotyping the butyrylcholinesterase in patients with prolonged neuromuscular block after succinylcholine (JS) [Levano et al.], 531
succinylcholine dosage and apnea-induced hemoglobin desaturation in patients (CI) [Naguib et al.], 35
Surgical technique
does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass? meta-analysis of randomized trials (RA) [Cheng et al.], 188
evaluation of Seldinger technique emergency cricothyroidotomy vs.  standard surgical cricothyroidotomy in 200 cadavers (CI) [Schaumann et al.], 7
off-pump coronary artery bypass and the hypothesis from which it grew (EV) [Floyd et al.], 3
T
Temperature control and thermoregulation
air venting and in-line intravenous fluid warming for pediatrics (CO) [Avula et al.], 1290
water vs.  air warmers (CO) [English], 479
Terlipressin
comparative cardiac effects of terlipressin, vasopressin, and norepinephrine on an isolated perfused rabbit heart (LI) [Ouattara et al.], 85
terlipressin vs.  norepinephrine to counteract anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients treated with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (CI) [Morelli et al.], 12
Tetracaine
randomized controlled trial to evaluation S-Caine Patch™ for reducing pain associated with vascular access in children (PRA) [Sethna et al.], 403
Thiopental
propofol and thiopental do not interfere with regional cerebral blood flow response at sedative concentrations (CI) [Veselis et al.], 26
Thromboxane A2
selective thromboxane A2synthase inhibition by OKY-046 prevents cardiopulmonary dysfunction after ovine smoke inhalation injury (LI) [Westphal et al.], 954
Tramadol
tramadol and vocal cord closure (CR) [Fodale et al.], 227
Tranexamic acid
tranexamic acid reduces intraoperative blood loss in pediatric patients undergoing scoliosis surgery (CI) [Sethna et al.], 727
Transcranial electrical stimulation
tetanic stimulation of peripheral nerve before transcranial electrical stimulation can enlarge amplitudes of myogenic motor evoked potentials during general anesthesia with neuromuscular blockade (CI) [Kakimoto et al.], 733
Trauma
evaluation of Seldinger technique emergency cricothyroidotomy vs.  standard surgical cricothyroidotomy in 200 cadavers (CI) [Schaumann et al.], 7
traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic hypotension suppress neuroprotective gene expression in injured hippocampal neurons (LI) [Hellmich et al.], 806
U
Ultrasonography
“bayonet artifact” during ultrasound-guided transarterial axillary block (CO) [Gray et al.], 1291
disadvantages of ultrasound guidance in caudal epidural needle placement (CO) [Huang], 693
sonographic localization of an implanted infusion pump injection port (CO) [Greher et al.], 243
transpharyngeal ultrasonography for cannulation of the internal jugular vein (CO) [Bevilacqua et al.], 873
ultrasound-guided caudal epidural injection (CO) [Edward], 693
V
Vascular physiology and pharmacology
effect of α2B-adrenoceptor polymorphism on peripheral vasoconstriction in healthy volunteers (JS) [Talke et al.], 536
effects of intraoperative blood salvage on leukocyte recruitment to the endothelium (CI) [Nohé et al.], 300
endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (RA) [Bryan et al.], 1261
genetic modulation of adrenergic activity in the heart and vasculature: implications for perioperative medicine (RA) [Zaugg et al.], 429
increased pulmonary venous resistance contributes to increased pulmonary artery diastolic-pulmonary wedge pressure gradient in acute respiratory distress syndrome (CI) [Her et al.], 574
inhibitory effects of lidocaine and mexiletine on vasorelaxation mediated by adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+channels and the role of kinases in the porcine coronary artery (LI) [Kimoto et al.], 581
ketamine attenuates acetylcholine-induced contraction by decreasing myofilament Ca2+sensitivity in pulmonary veins (LI) [Ding et al.], 588
Leung, Cardiac and Vascular Anesthesia: The Requisites in Anesthesiology  (EM) [Stone], 1293
Vasopressin
comparative cardiac effects of terlipressin, vasopressin, and norepinephrine on an isolated perfused rabbit heart (LI) [Ouattara et al.], 85
Vasospasm
successful use of spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of severe Raynaud’s disease of the hands (CR) [Sibell et al.], 225
Venipuncture
randomized controlled trial to evaluation S-Caine Patch™ for reducing pain associated with vascular access in children (PRA) [Sethna et al.], 403
Ventilation
antioxidants reverse reduction of the human hypoxic ventilatory response by subanesthetic isoflurane (CI) [Teppema et al.], 747
mechanical (See  Mechanical ventilation  )
respiratory distress after a deep cervical plexus block (CO) [D’Honneur et al.], 1070
Vocal cords
postextubation laryngospasm in a patient with spasmodic dysphonia (CR) [Capacchione et al.], 859
tramadol and vocal cord closure (CR) [Fodale et al.], 227
Volatile anesthetics.
See also  Inhalation anesthesia and anesthetics 
caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human T lymphocytes induced by (LI) [Loop et al.], 1147
flash-induced γ oscillations in rat visual cortex enhanced by (LI) [Imas et al.], 937
W
Wound healing
determination of duration of preoperative smoking cessation to improve wound healing after head and neck surgery (CI) [Kuri et al.], 892
preoperative smoking cessation (EV) [Warner], 883
X
Xenon
attenuation of cerebral damage after ischemia in pigs (LI) [Schmidt et al.], 929