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Anesthesiology Reflections from the Wood Library-Museum  |   December 2012
Musicotherapy in Anesthesia: Maxime Drossner, 1901
Author Notes
  • President of Club d’Histoire de l’Anesthésie et de la Réanimation (French Association for the History of Anesthesiology and Critical Care), France , and Musée Viars, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.
Article Information
Anesthesiology Reflections from the Wood Library-Museum
Anesthesiology Reflections from the Wood Library-Museum   |   December 2012
Musicotherapy in Anesthesia: Maxime Drossner, 1901
Anesthesiology 12 2012, Vol.117, 1252. doi:10.1097/ALN.0b013e31827ce1a2
Anesthesiology 12 2012, Vol.117, 1252. doi:10.1097/ALN.0b013e31827ce1a2
In 1901, in order to limit restlessness during anesthesia induction, the French dentist Maxime Drossner invented an apparatus which combined a “classical” nitrous oxide anesthesia apparatus (S.S. White Dental Company, Philadelphia, PA, or Dental Manufacturing, London, United Kingdom) and a phonograph linked to the ears of the anesthetized patient. The illustration comes from the patent of the French National Institute for Industrial Property (INPI). Since the induction occurred beside a window to allow evacuation of nitrous oxide, the musical surroundings enabled isolation of the patient from the noises of the street which were thought to disturb his/her dreams and promote agitation. Thus, Maxime Drossner was the first to use “musicotherapy” in anesthesia, following the old principle of music as therapy proposed by the famous Ambroise Paré (1510–1590).
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