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Correspondence  |   June 2012
Perioperative Role of Methadone in Adolescent Patients
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Harshad Gurnaney, M.B.B.S., M.P.H.
    *
  • *The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Article Information
Correspondence
Correspondence   |   June 2012
Perioperative Role of Methadone in Adolescent Patients
Anesthesiology 6 2012, Vol.116, 1400-1401. doi:10.1097/ALN.0b013e318255795d
Anesthesiology 6 2012, Vol.116, 1400-1401. doi:10.1097/ALN.0b013e318255795d
To the Editor: 
We congratulate Sharma et al.  for their study of pharmacokinetics of methadone and its effect on postoperative pain scores and opioid consumption.1 
We had a few questions and comments regarding their study. This study is primarily designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of methadone, and not its opioid-sparing effects. Lack of standardization of the intraoperative management and postoperative pain management may lead to multiple recognized and unrecognized confounding factors being unadjusted between the treatment groups. These confounding factors may be responsible for a lack of difference in the amount of postoperative opioid consumption between the controls and the three-methadone groups.2 
A randomized prospective pediatric study3 and another study on posterior spinal fusion surgery patients4 found a beneficial effect of methadone administration on postoperative opioid consumption and pain scores. This observational study may not have the power and design to look at the clinical effects of methadone in the postoperative period.
The small sample size could lead to a Type II error, i.e.  , acceptance of the null hypothesis when there exists a difference because of a lack of power to detect it. The authors have not mentioned a power analysis in the statistical methods. Based on the numbers presented in the study, i.e.  , a mean postoperative opioid use of 275 mg in the control group with a SD of 75 mg, we estimate that a sample size of 22 patients would be needed in each of the four groups to have a power of 80% (with a α = 0.05) to show a decrease in opioid use of 75 mg between the groups with the largest and the smallest mean postoperative opioid consumption.
References
Sharma A, Tallchief D, Blood J, Kim T, London A, Kharasch ED: Perioperative pharmacokinetics of methadone in adolescents. ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011; 115:1153–61
Deeks JJ, Dinnes J, D'Amico R, Sowden AJ, Sakarovitch C, Song F, Petticrew M, Altman DG, International Stroke Trial Collaborative Group, European Carotid Surgery Trial Collaborative Group: Evaluating non-randomised intervention studies. Health Technol Assess 2003; 7:iii–x–173, 1–173
Berde CB, Beyer JE, Bournaki MC, Levin CR, Sethna NF: Comparison of morphine and methadone for prevention of postoperative pain in 3- to 7-year-old children. J Pediatr 1991; 119:136–41
Gottschalk A, Durieux ME, Nemergut EC: Intraoperative methadone improves postoperative pain control in patients undergoing complex spine surgery. Anesth Analg 2011; 112:218–23