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Correspondence  |   January 2011
Multiples of Minimal Alveolar Concentration of Volatile Agents Are Not Necessarily Equipotent
Author Notes
  • Scott and White Healthcare/Texas A&M Health Sciences Center, Temple, Texas.
Article Information
Correspondence
Correspondence   |   January 2011
Multiples of Minimal Alveolar Concentration of Volatile Agents Are Not Necessarily Equipotent
Anesthesiology 1 2011, Vol.114, 221. doi:10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181fef395
Anesthesiology 1 2011, Vol.114, 221. doi:10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181fef395
To the Editor:
I read with interest the article titled, “Isoflurane Causes Greater Neurodegeneration Than an Equivalent Exposure of Sevoflurane in the Developing Brain of Neonatal Mice,” in the June 2010 issue of Anesthesiology by Liang et al  .1 The entire premise of the article is based on the assumption that 0.5 MAC of isoflurane is equipotent to 0.5 MAC of sevoflurane. Furthermore, the authors not only assume that these partial MAC values are equipotent for motion on surgical stimulation (the original comparative endpoint for MAC in humans), but that they are also equipotent for neurodegeneration in the developing mouse brain. I would submit that neither assumption is valid.
As early as 1970, Waud and Waud2 published an editorial in Anesthesiology explaining that MAC is only one point on an entire dose–response curve. This editorial inspired follow-up letters to the editor in support.3–5 I can find no evidence in the literature that, to date, the shape of the entire dose–response curve for percentages of patients showing motion on stimulation versus  end-tidal concentration for any volatile agent has been established. For example, the percentage of patients who will move on surgical stimulation under 0.5 MAC versus  1.5 MAC, etc., remains unknown. There is certainly no assurance that the dose–response curve for any volatile agent will parallel any other dose–response curve for the volatile agents. Moreover, MAC is really a median minimal alveolar concentration, and there is no assurance that any specific MAC value holds true for any given patient or mouse.
In addition to the unverified assumption that partial MAC values are equipotent, even for percentages of patients moving with surgical stimulation, the authors go on to make the assumption that partial MAC values are also equipotent for an entirely different dose–response curve (neurodegeneration in the developing mouse brain vs  . alveolar concentration). Even full MAC values for motion cannot be assumed to be equipotent between agents for a totally different dose–response curve. Likewise, if the equipotency of partial MAC values cannot be assumed for the original dose–response curve, it is at least equally invalid to assume equipotency of those partial MAC values when they are transferred to a totally different dose–response curve. The authors have not yet established a valid full MAC value for neurodegeneration in their study population. However, even if they did, there is no validity in assuming that partial MAC values for that dose–response curve would be equipotent, unless the authors determined the shape of the entire dose–response curve for each agent tested.
The authors only can assert with validity that, when given 0.5 MAC of isoflurane and 0.5 MAC of sevoflurane, there seems to be greater neurodegeneration in the developing mouse brain with isoflurane. The assertion that the mice have been administered equipotent doses of the two volatile agents can be supported by neither the definition of MAC nor the medical literature to date.
Scott and White Healthcare/Texas A&M Health Sciences Center, Temple, Texas.
References
Liang G, Ward C, Peng J, Zhao Y, Huang B, Wei H: Isoflurane causes greater neurodegeneration than an equivalent exposure of sevoflurane in the developing brain of neonatal mice. Anesthesiology 2010; 112:1325–34Liang, G Ward, C Peng, J Zhao, Y Huang, B Wei, H
Waud BE, Waud DR: On dose–response curves and anesthetics. Anesthesiology 1970; 33:1–4Waud, BE Waud, DR
Bachman L, Eger EI 2nd, Waud BE, Waud DR: MAC and dose-response curves. Anesthesiology 1971; 34:201–4Bachman, L Eger, EI Waud, BE Waud, DR
Eger EI: MAC and dose-response curves. Anesthesiology 1970; 34:202–3Eger, EI
Waud BE: MAC and dose-response curves. Anesthesiology 1970; 34:203–4Waud, BE